HSC suppl exam results | Higher education in rural areas
HSC suppl exam results
Karachi, April 02, 2008: The Board of Intermediate Education Karachi (BIEK) on
Tuesday announced the results of HSC part II supplementary examinations 2007 of
Humanities (regular) group.
According to the statistics of the result, as
many as 4,518 candidates appeared in the examination of which 1,845 were
declared successful with a pass percentage of 40.84.
announcement said that the candidates would receive their marks sheets from
their respective colleges after two weeks from the date of announcement of the
Only one in 13 students in higher education is from the rural areas
Karachi: The rural-urban prosperity gap is likely to further widen with
the former's population being deprived of higher education. For every 12
students from the urban areas joining degree classes in the country, only one
comes from the rural areas.
According to the federal education
department, out of 325,000 students enrolled in degree classes, in both the
public and private sector, in 2005, only 25,000 came from the rural areas.
There are several factors, including poverty, nepotism, lack of
infrastructure and professional teachers in rural colleges, which have kept
students away from the benefits of higher education.
Syed Shafiq Moosvi,
Chairman, Institute of Modern Sciences and Arts (IMSA), Hyderabad, says that,
since jobs are not provided on merit, people in the rural areas have lost faith
in higher education.
With public sector jobs remaining unfilled for more
than a decade, people look for employment shelter in the private sector.
However, nepotism also prevails, to some levels, in the private sector as well.
As a consequence, people in the rural areas, after being confronted by a
close-to-hopeless situation, usually end up working at the local level or run
their own business. However, the rural economy, which is mostly made up of
agriculture, continues to be plagued by issues such as the increased usage of
pesticides and, of course, the lack of irrigation water.
to the aforementioned problem, Moosvi cites poverty in the rural areas as
another major hurdle for rural education. At the public universities, students
from the rural areas cannot afford hostel expenses, while, at the private
institutes, there are higher fees.
Moosvi says that, when provided more
funding and scholarships, more students are enrolled in his institute.
Prof. Liaqat Aziz, Central Secretary, Sindh Professors and Lectures
Association (SPLA), and Secretary, Sindh Employees Alliance, points to the lack
of skilled professionals and infrastructure at the colleges as one of the
reasons behind the lack of interest of students.
In the three districts
of Thatta, Badin and Tando Mohammad Khan, there are girls' colleges, but no
teacher available for science subjects such as biology, physics, chemistry and
mathematics. "If there are no teachers, how will the students come?" questions
While lots of donations from the World Bank and other institutions
are available for the development of education in the rural areas, the lack of
proper utilisation has affected such efforts adversely.
independence in 1947, as many as 11 education policies were introduced by
various governments, but not a single one was passed by the parliament and no
policy was given a constitutional guarantee.
Aziz says that the head of
the education department and the secretary should both be from the education
sector, as civil bureaucrats, he claims, do not take much interest in the
education sector and do not have the expertise needed to deal with the
department in a proper and effective manner. Calling education a national duty,
he also opposes the quotas given to elected representatives to appoint
Sindhi intellectual Mohammad Ibrahim Joyo says that the
collapse of education at the primary level is a major reason behind the state in
which rural education in general finds itself in today.
He adds that the
directorate of education had failed in its duties, including the training of the
primary teachers, who lack discipline.
An added hurdle is that of the
language barrier. Every rural child has to learn at least three languages at the
outset. Urdu and English are taught to students at the primary level in addition
to their respective mother tongues.
When a child is taught a third
language as their mother tongue at the very first level of schooling, which is
the case in the rural areas, it can confuse the minor. "Quality learning suffers
with the alien languages from the very first years," he says. Thus, the
transition from primary schools in the rural to secondary schools and colleges
remains poor. "This is a tragic matter," says Joyo.
Secretary, Sindh, of the Liberal Forum, sees the remoteness of education in the
rural areas and social apathy as big barriers keeping rural students from going
on to degree classes. Bhutto, who has personally worked on child enrollment at
the primary level, says that, due to various reasons, nearly 75 per cent of the
students leave education at the primary level alone. The News