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KU reschedules papers | SZABIST job fair

KU reschedules two papers
Karachi, April 14, 2008: The University of Karachi has rescheduled some papers of DDLS part-II annual examination-2007 and the one-year additional certificate course for Graduate Physiotherapist part-II examination.

According to the new schedule, the DDLS Advance Diagnostic Techniques paper will be held on April 16 from 2:30pm to 4pm at Faculty of Islamic Studies and the Graduate Physiotherapist Ethics and Administration on the same day from 2pm to 5pm at the Department of Psychology.

Meanwhile, in a separate announcement the university has announced postponement of a seminar on "Social Discrimi-nation in South Asia". The seminar was to be held on Monday. PPI

SZABIST job fair attracts multinational companies
Karachi: Human resource departments, local and multinational, made sure they did not miss the SZABIST Job Fair on Saturday.

Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST) BBA final semester students organized the event which coincided with the launch of their BBA Graduate Directory 2008. BMA Capital, PSO, First Women Bank, HBL and TVOne set up stalls but others who could not make it sent drop boxes. Job Fair Project Manager Muhammad Zohaib Ayaz, a final semester student, confessed that it was a difficult even to organize but he was grateful to his teacher Sheraz Siddiqui for support. According to Ayaz, most of the 120 companies they contacted were reluctant to participate even though a job fair can save them some hiring costs and allow them to interact with prospective workers. Currently, SZABIST is ranked number three in the business schools in Pakistan according to the Higher Education Commission (HEC), he mentioned.

SZABIST Executive Development Officer Sanam Pathan, who is responsible for providing students with jobs and internships, said that given the dearth of talent in Pakistan, a job fair was a good idea. For companies who could not make it, they can get the necessary details on graduating students (GPA, extra curricular, electives etc.) from the directory. "Organizations do not only want to employ students with a high GPA but at times, on the basis of their personality profile, and their extra curricular activities," she said.

The job fair was also helpful for students in what SZABIST Deputy Director Azra Maqsood called an era of "cut-throat competition" when it is sometimes difficult to find the right career path and job. "With increased focus on finding the right human resource, the trend of job fairs has increased over the past few years," she added. "Companies are looking forward to such avenues to find enthusiastic and motivated personnel."

First Women Bank Ltd. HR Development Senior Vice President Rose-Maries Fernandez was "thrilled" to be at the event. She had already offered jobs to two of the graduating students and internships to many others. According to Fernandez, this was a good place to find high caliber female employees. She said she wanted to find women for entry-level jobs from where they could make their way up the organization.

The TVONE stall was flooded with students who wanted to give interviews and TVONE Assistant Brand Manager Naveed Zuberi said they received over 60 resumes at the start of the event. They are looking for, "energetic, dedicated, flexible and creative" individuals in marketing and sales who could take the channel to a whole new level.

76% of city's uni students self-medicate: AKU
Karachi: About 76% of university students in Karachi self-medicate, experts at the Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University Karachi have found in a study - 'Self-medication amongst University Students of Karachi: Prevalence, Knowledge and Attitudes' that appeared in the Journal of Pakistan Medical Association in its current issue.

The study was conducted from Jan-Feb 2007 at 2 medical and 2 non-medical universities of Karachi. Of the 572 participants with the average age of 21, 295 were medical and 277 were non-medical students. The prevalence of self-medication was 76%. Forty three percent of students stated that they altered the regimen of prescribed medicines while 61.9% stated that they stopped taking a prescribed medicine without consulting a doctor. The most common reason for self-medication was previous experience (50.1%) and the most common symptoms were headache (72.4%), flu (65.5%), and fever (55.2%). Commonly used medicines were analgesics (88.3%), antipyretics (65.1%) and antibiotics (35.2%). Eighty-seven percent of the students thought self-medication could be harmful and 82.5% students thought that it was necessary to consult a doctor before taking a new medicine. There was no significant difference between the self medication practices of medical and non medical students.

Self-medication is defined as obtaining and consuming drugs without the advice of a physician either for diagnosis, prescription or surveillance of treatment. This includes acquiring medicines without a prescription, resubmitting old prescriptions to purchase medicines, sharing medicines with relatives or members of one's social circle or using leftover medicines stored at home.

There is much public and professional concern about the irrational use of drugs. The prevalence rates are high all over the world with rates going as high as 92% in the adolescents of Kuwait. Studies have shown that self medication practices are more common in women and in those; who live alone, have a lower socioeconomic status, have more chronic ailments, have psychiatric conditions, are of younger age and in students.

The misuse of nonprescription drugs amongst students has become a serious problem. The youth is especially exposed to the media and the increased advertising of pharmaceuticals poses a larger threat to the young population. This raises concerns of incorrect self-diagnosis, drug interaction, and use other than for the original indication A survey on widely advertised medications indicated that the majority of college students used at least one of the advertised products, without discussing this with their physicians.

In Pakistan, almost every pharmacy sells drugs without a prescription; a phenomenon seen in many developing countries. Consequently, antibiotics and potentially habit forming medicines are easily available to the common man.

Although it is true that self medication can help treat minor ailments that do not require medical consultation and hence reduce the pressure on medical services particularly in the underprivileged countries with limited health care resources, the availability of the more complex drugs groups such as antibiotics without prescriptions is a source of great concern. Moreover, the practice of self medication often has many adverse effects and can lead to many problems, including the global emergence of Multi-Drug Resistant pathogens, drug dependence and addiction, masking of malignant and potentially fatal diseases, hazard of misdiagnosis, problems relating to over and under dosaging, drug interactions and tragedies relating to the side effect profile of specific drugs.

In the ideal setting the only justifiable rationale for self medication would be 'urgency of the problem' but amongst our participants this was not the most popular reason; 'previous experience with similar symptoms' (50.3%) and the 'problem seeming to be too trivial' (48.3%) were the commonest.

Most medicines had been purchased directly from pharmacies while the stock of medicines at home ranked second. The latter carries the risk of exposure to expired medicine, medicine meant for someone else or drugs that may have been originally prescribed for a different problem. The former should make us realize that it is disastrous to let pharmacies and medical stores continue as the way they do in Pakistan. Medicines that are not over-the-counter drugs should not be given without prescription. A very small percentage of pharmacists actually give the appropriate medication when consulted. Daily Times
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