National Education Policy 2009
Education policy proposed draft proposals
Islamabad, July 21: The national education policy is likely to be presented in the
next cabinet meeting for final approval, as all federating units have submitted
their inputs after thorough consideration over the proposed draft proposals,
sources said here Monday.
According to the draft of the
upcoming education policy provided to this correspondent, the requirement for
teaching at elementary level is Bachelors degree with BEd, while for secondary
and higher secondary levels, it is Masters degree with BEd that would be ensured
by 2018. Moreover, PTC and CT would be gradually phased out by encouraging the
current set of teachers to improve their qualifications.
draft document revealed that a separate cadre of specialised teacher trainers
would be developed, and recruitment of teachers along with conducting teachers
training programmes would be done at the district level.
precautionary measure to avoid criticism from various circles, textbook boards
would seek a 'no-objection certificate' from the Education Ministry and the
Curriculum Wing. The private sector schools would be free to use from amongst
the books authorised by the respective textbook board.
Inter-Provincial Standing Committee on Textbook Policy would also be established
to regulate operational and procedural issues, and to monitor and coordinate
further implementation process. The Curriculum Wing would serve as the
Committee's secretariat and would be strengthened for expanded tasks. The
curriculum development and review process shall be standardised and
institutionalised within the framework of the Federal Supervision of Curricula,
Textbooks & Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976.
document stated that steps would be taken to raise enrolment in the higher
education sector from the existing 3.7 per cent to 10 per cent by 2015 and to 15
per cent by 2020. Investment would be increased to 18 per cent of the education
budget on the assumption that the total education budget grows to five per cent
of GDP by 2010 and seven per cent by 2015. Universities would consider
introducing four-year Bachelor degree programmes, while PhD degrees would have a
minimum of four years, and universities would develop quality assurance
programmes that would include peer evaluation including foreign
The environmental education would be made an integral part of
early education and the curriculum would include health education including
awareness of fatal diseases such as HIV/AIDS, prevention of harmful practises,
and detection and prevention of child abuse.
The draft showed that
various other steps would also be taken such as the upgradation of teachers'
salaries as part of establishing a separate teaching cadre and teaching career,
teachers' professional development, and a reward system based on performance
A quality cycle management would link the various systems of
assessment and institutions involved in assessment (examinations, NEAS/PEAC,
continuous assessment) to provide feedback for curriculum development, textbook
development, and teacher education and professional development. The draft also
makes it mandatory for all schools to establish a school mission that assists
students in achieving their learning potential and personality development as
the key goals.
The forum of the Inter-Provincial Education Ministers'
Conference (IPEM) would be the highest body to oversee and guide educational
development in the country.
Before the finalisation of the education
policy draft, a series of 23 green papers were prepared on different topics by
the National Education Policy Review (NEPR) team that were widely disseminated
to stimulate discussion and get feedback. The process included field visits to
31 representative districts, one national and seven provincial/area education
conferences, 10 issue-based focused group discussions and extensive
consultations with educationists from all over the country.
has been classified into 11 chapters, focusing on the layout of the current
state of the education sector, description overarching challenges and responses,
identification of fundamental causes that lie behind the deficiencies in
performance, charting out ways of improving performance at sector or system
level, preparation of outline reforms and policy actions to be taken at
sub-sector level, financing of education and a framework for Implementation
A senior official of the Education Ministry said that there were two main reasons that prompted the ministry to launch the review
in 2005, well before the time horizon of the existing policy framework (1998
2010) had approached. He said the policy framework has not served as a
satisfactory guide, as policies pursued under it have not produced the desired
educational results and performance of the education sector has been deficient
in several key aspects, adding, "That's why we have done a lot of spadework to
prepare the draft of the education policy keeping in view the emerging
Post your comments
54% want no quota system in educational institutions
Islamabad: More than half of Pakistani citizens want no quota system in
educational institutions, revealed a survey.
According to Gallup Survey
conducted by Gilani Foundation, 54 per cent people believe that merit should be
the only criteria for entry in all types of educational institutes and all
reserved seats should be abolished, as it deprives those who are well-deserving
but perhaps belong to poor or less influential families.
However, 24 per
cent respondents favour such quota system in educational institutes, while 22
per cent were unsure. The data reveals that in the country as a whole, a
proportionately higher percentage of urbanites (29 per cent) as compared to
ruralites (21 per cent) are in the favour of quota system. However, rural Sindh
is an exception where a comparatively higher percentage of respondents (36 per
cent) believe the quota system is justified and should be implemented in
Quota system for admission in public sector
educational institutes was introduced to create opportunities for students from
rural areas or other left behind groups to catch up with the rest. However, some
have accused that the system is misused by the more influential people of
Pakistani society, while others are still supportive of it.
representative sample of men and women from across the country were asked, "Some
people believe that quota system in educational institutions should be
abolished, as it deprives intelligent students of good education, whereas others
think that quota system is justified and correct." The latest survey was carried
out among a sample of 2,577 men and women in rural and urban areas of all four
provinces of the country during July this year. The News
"im in favour of quota system ."
Name: ARIF HUSSAIN
City, Country: rawalpindi,pakistan
"salam to all muslims infact we have been under a complexity of this quota system this system should be removed so that the deserved one gets his place and the same opportunity as others then we wll see who comes up with flying colours unless or untill we have this quota system our students from backward areas will have an inferiority complex being provided less opportunity. So i consider it the best option to remove this quota system. And i make an earnest requestto the concerned authorities to sort out a right solution for this problem. thanks from KARRAR BALTI ."
Name: KARRAR BALTI
City, Country: baltistan
Post your comments