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Science in Quran's light

June, 15(Dawn): AL-QURAN, the main source of Islamic faith, is the book believed by its followers to be completely of divine origin. Muslims also believe that it is for entire humankind and since the message of the Quran is for all times, it should be relevant to every age. But the question arises; does the Quran pass this test.

The Quran challenges mankind to produce the like of it. "And if ye are in doubt as to what we have revealed from time to time to our servant, then produce the surah like there unto; and call your witness or helpers (if there are any) besides Allah. If your doubts are true. But if you cannot, and surely you cannot, then fear the fire whose fuel is man and stones which is prepared for those who reject faith" (Al-Quran 2:23-24).

According to famous physicist, and Nobel Prize winner Albert Einstein, "Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind." George Lawairte pointed out in 1931 that if the outward movement of all the galaxies were traced backward, then they would presumably meet at a single point i.e. singularity. This large blob of matter known as the "Primeval Atom or Cosmic Egg." He suggested that for some reasons this giant blob of matter exploded flinging outwards like the bomb. This marked the creation of the universe. Lawaitre's idea later became known as the "Big bang theory."

The Quran states in (21:30), "Why don't the unbelievers realise that the heavens and the earth were refused into the singularity, and then we parted them."

Later in 1950s, the big bang theory was first propounded by Rah Alpher, Hans Bethe and George Gosmow. This fact has been described in the Quran 1400 years ago. Can we still say that it is not the God's word?

Fourteen hundred years ago neither science was advanced nor did people have enough knowledge about astronomy. So how can one come up with such a scientific fact which is still the hypothesis theory in the 21st century? It is only God. It cannot be the word of human being or any Prophet. The Quran states in (7:67) "For every announcement there is a term, and ye will come to know."

Science tells us that we have created the single light system but it is in the process - and they will take time to establish a Multiple Light System. As we all know our Prophet (P.B.U.H) travelled in Buraq while going to the far distant place in the speed of light. Buraq is the plural of Barq meaning light - And our Prophet travelled in the Mulitple Light System 1400 years ago which science established more than 100 years later. Is it not a miracle?

Our universe is expanding. The Quran gives the Shadah of it in (35:1). "All praises are for Allah. The Creater of the spatial strata of the universe, heavens and the earth. He keeps expanding in his creation what He wills. Indeed Allah is potent over things." Newton theory could not find out the reality, even Einstein's in 1915.

It was in fact Alexander Friedman, a Russian physicist, who gave the assumption of expanding universe in 1922,which was scientifically discovered by Edwin Hubble in 1929 and finally certified by Arno Penzias and Robert Willson in 1965 in New Jersey, who were awarded the Noble Prize in 1978. But it was stated in the Quran 1400 years ago in (51:47). "And we have built the heaven with might and undoubtedly, we are expanding the universe vast". It is the undoubtedly a scientific miracle of the Quran.

Scientist agree that before galaxies in the universe were formed, celestial matter was initially in the form of gaseous matter, In short huge gaseous matter or clouds were present before the formation of the galaxies. The Quran states: "Moreover, He comprehended in His design the sky, and it had been (as) smoke."

It studies the process of birth of human life and the steps involved in the creation of the foetus. These processes can be divided into two parts.

1. Cellular division

2. Organ formation and getting shape

Modern science tells us that the beginning of human creation is by the fertilisation of female ovum with the male spermatozoa resulting in the formation of a Zygote. The Quran states: "Indeed we created man from a mixed or mingled fluid." (76:21)

Modern science tells us that this Zygote or fertilised ovum divide into two and then keep on dividing. The Quran states in (4:1): "Who created you from a single cell and then created another one from it to make it a pair and then from those created multitude of men and women."

A verse of the Quran describes the whole process involved in the creation of foetus. The Quran states in (23: 12-14): "And indeed we created man from element of dust. Then we put him in a secure place (uterus) in the form of a cell. Then we made him a being like a hanging nest fixed (in the wall of uterus). Then, we fashioned him a chewed lump. Then out of chewed lump we made bones and clothed bones with muscles. Then gradually out of it, we developed another creative. So blessed is your Lord who is the best of the creators."

When such Quranic verses were placed before Prof. Keeth Moore, a leading expert in the field of embryology, for his comments, he said he could say about some verses and it is established. But for another, neither he could say it was right nor it was wrong. Because it is still established by science.

Further, he said he believed that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah and this divine book (Quran) is the God's word.

By Muhammad Iqbal
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