Education budget allocation two percent of GDP
'Enhance edu budget from 2 to 7 percent of GDP'
Islamabad, May 19: Pakistan Coalition for Education (PCE) on Tuesday demanded of the
government to develop mechanisms and share their strategy to gradually
increase the education allocation from two percent of GDP in 2009-2010
to seven percent by 2015. The demand was made in a convention on
'Rebounding Strong in 2010' here at a local hotel.
convention was organized with the support of Open Society Institute
(OSI), ASPBAE and ActionAid. Girls' education, adult literacy,
education governance, public education budgeting, indigenous peoples'
education, marginalization in education were some of the issues
Representatives of civil society on the occasion
presented the Charter of Demands (CoD) for the government regarding the
steps needed to improve educational standard in the country.
from across Pakistan, delegates from abroad, academics and education
experts, representatives from government departments and different
political parties participated in the consultative sessions leading to
draft the Charter of Demands.
They recommended the government
not to compromise with the IFI conditions that imply budget cuts on
service sectors, especially on education. "Also the government shall
develop strategies to gradually reduce foreign aid dependency in
revenue budgeting, especially education," said the CoD.
recommended that Pakistan Education Task Force should make its
proceedings, plans, decisions public. Pakistan Education Task Force
should also take civil society stakeholders on board in the
decision-making process, it said.
It said the government should
consider analyzing the gender based budgeting needs for enhancing
girls' education and undertake awareness raising and sensitisation
events to prevent girls' dropout.
"The government should
introduce provision and space for community participation in girls'
education. This particular issue needs to be redefined in terms of
parents contributing in education of their girls as opposed to merely a
provider or supporter of girls' education," it said.
society also urged that government take immediate steps to address the
disparity in spending on adult literacy and ensure balanced investment
within education budget in line with the EFA goals. The spending should
be proportionate and in accordance with international benchmark.
said at least three percent of total education budget should be spent
on adult literacy and education in accordance with the international
benchmarks. In addition, spending on the adult literacy programmes
should be $50 and $100 per learner per year for at least three years. A
legislative framework needs to be developed by the government in wider
consultation with civility society and adult literacy practitioner and
It was recommended that to avoid future and ethnic
conflicts, there is a need to address marginalization through
curriculum reforms and through rights-based approach. "The government
shall take measures to ensure that the curriculum is sensitive towards
the contextual diversity (language, history, religion, sects, culture
and climate) and therefore introduce localised curriculum while keeping
a common standard as far as quality is concerned," it said.
issue of indigenous/native education was also discussed and it was
recommended that provisions are made at the policy level to adapt
successful education models practiced in region and elsewhere in the
world to initiate education for indigenous communities. Daily times
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Private sector in education
Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani's call to the private sector to
invest in education to help boost literacy to 90 per cent by 2015
raises a number of questions. The message the government appears to be
sending is that it cannot shoulder its responsibility in this vital
sector any more. The fact is that the private sector has always played
a role - and not always a positive one - in education since 1947. Since
the 1980s the size of the private sector has grown with official
encouragement, so much so that today it is said to be educating nearly
one-third of those attending primary schools.
The problem in inviting
the private sector to enhance its role is that it implies that the
government is ready to give up its regulatory functions - inevitable if
the private sector is allowed to squeeze out the government's presence
in education. With more resources at its disposal than the private
sector (the latter spends less than Rs500 monthly on a primary-school
pupil compared to the Rs4,000 that the government spends), Mr Gilani
should be looking into policy, school management and governance issues
that lie at the root of the rot. Enhancing the private sector's share
without improving the government's performance and tightening
regulatory controls would lead to more profiteering by the upscale
schools and further degrade the standard of low-fee private schools in
It is time the government spruced up
its own schools by improving monitoring, teachers' training, governance
and the administration of schools, and by reforming the curricula,
textbooks and the examination system. It is also time that corruption
in the education department was checked with a firm hand to prevent the
leakage of funds. This would help save money that could be used to give
subsidies to low-fee schools that are already in great financial
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IJT warns of march on US Embassy
Islamabad: Activists of Islami Jamiat Talaba (IJT) Tuesday held a
protest demonstration against 'competition of blasphemous caricatures'
organized by www.facebook.com, a social networking website, and warned
to hold a march on US Embassy if it is not stopped.
banners and placards inscribed with slogans against the creator of this
competition, dozen of activists of IJT from Federal Urdu University
gathered on the road and protested.The protesters demanded of the
government to ban functioning of this website in the country. Daily times
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Teachers launch campaign for demands
Peshawar, May 18: Teachers of government schools of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
have called upon the government to implement recommendations of the Pay
and Pension commission, announcement of their service structure by the
provincial government and batch-wise appointments.
teachers, under the banner of Tanzim-i-Asatiza, on Tuesday announced a
series of protest programmes to put pressure on the government to
accept their demands. On the first day, they set up a protest camp on
the Sher Shah Suri Road, which was attended by teachers of different
Speaking on the occasion, Tanzim-i-Asatiza president
Khairullah Khawari and other teachers, including Shamshad Khan Jaghra,
Abdul Latif, Mian Mohmmad Sajid, Sikandar Khan, Misbahul Islam, Sirj
Mohammad Daudzai and Fazl Malik, said government employees had been hit
hard by the increasing prices of daily-use items.
the protest camp was the last option left with them as the government
was not paying attention to solving their problems. Another aim of the
protest camp, they said, was taking the teachers community into
confidence so that an effective strategy could be devised to press for
acceptance of their demands. They said teachers would organise protest
camps in all districts of the province and tribal agencies on May 20
and a demonstration would be held in the Government Higher Secondary
School-1, Peshawar. Dawn
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Moot on HR management
Rawalpindi: University Institute of
Management Sciences, Pir Mahar Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University
Tuesday organized a symposium on human resources management.
seminar was addressed by speakers from different nationalities. They
stressed the need to make a link between industry and academia.
symposium was designed for students to learn from the experiences of
senior executive human resource professionals. HR professionals
including Taimur Aziz Bhatti, Imdadullah, Tariq Iqbal, Hammad Malik,
Mehreen Rasheed and M Amir Qureshi spoke on the occasion. Daily times
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