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Rationalise CSS exam system

Rules for conducting CSS examination must be fair
Nov 21: The purpose of the Federal Public Service Commission, Government of Pakistan Islamabad besides selecting the suitable officers in BS/17 for the Civil Service of Pakistan is also to promote National Integrity by providing equal opportunities to candidates appearing for the examination from all the Federating units and Areas. The national integrity demands that the rules for conducting CSS examination must be fair and apply equally across the board to all candidates irrespective of their place of origin, language and educational background.


After 1973 Civil Service reforms, introduced by Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to inject equality in opportunity and natural justice a blanket approval was given in Qualifying Marks for the CSS examination, that any candidate of the this examination who obtains 25% of the marks in any subject (compulsory & optional) will be considered passed.

Later on, during Gen. Zia's, regime it was again decided that any candidate who obtains 33% in any subject (Compulsory & Optional) would be considered passed as it marked with the education system in vogue in Pakistan.

During 2003 Gen. Pervez Musharraf's time the policy of qualifying marks was further changed on the pretext that standard of education has improved and equal opportunities are available to the candidates in all the Federating units/Areas, irrespective of their place of origin and financial background. Moreover, it was also stressed that the standard of the English language of the CSS Officer is not up to the mark and the qualifying marks were fixed as under.

According to this rule a candidate to be declared as qualified/pass must fulfill the following criteria.

Secure at least 40% marks in compulsory subjects.

Secure at least 33% marks in optional subjects.

Secure at least 50% marks in aggregate of all subjects.
Secure at least 100 marks out of 300 marks in viva voce test.

Interestingly, the General Knowledge paper has been assessed collectively i.e. a candidate requires an aggregate of 120 Marks collectively not individually to clear in all the three subjects. This perhaps has been done to give the advantage to Arts candidates. Strangely enough, this principle or philosophy has not been applied when it comes to the subject of English where a candidate have to clear both the papers individually by scoring 40% marks in each paper. This anomaly certainly tilts the equilibrium in favour of candidates with background in Arts/English literature as compared to Science candidates who have been concentrating on the concept of the Science subject which is full of vocabulary rather than on the English grammar.

It is interesting to note that after obtaining 40% marks in each English paper the candidate would never be subjected to any test in English throughout his service carrier even in NIPA, Staff College & NDC, the courses are accomplished on the basis of skills, ability, experience and art of tackfullness. Moreover, in the developed and developing countries there is thrust on the quick disposal of business instead of concentrating and correcting the language/grammar. It would not be out of question to point out that in Govt. official business the officers remain haggling in correcting language and punctuations and a single summary takes even months to reach to the chief executive for orders; the basic cause of red-tapism. Therefore, the nation needs civil servants for quick disposal of official business not the status quo oriented baboos.

Keeping in view, the FPSC discussed the combined qualifying marks of English Essay and English (Précis & Composition), i.e. 80/200 for competitive examination 2008 and recommended to the Establishment Division, that the marks of both the papers of English (Essay) and English (Précis and composition) may be combined and 80/200 marks in aggregate may be treated as qualifying marks for the forthcoming CSS-2008 onwards, for the following reasons:

(i) Undue heavy emphasis is being given to English language.

(ii) Base of qualified candidates needs to be increased for selecting appropriate persons for civil service.

Unfilled vacancies are piling up every year.

The same procedure is already being followed by the commission for the three general knowledge compulsory papers i.e. candidates need to get an aggregate of 120/300 to pass in the three papers (Every day science =100, Pak Affairs=1000, Current Affairs =100 respectively and proposed to amend rules for the removal of such anomaly between Arts and Science divide. But the baboos in the Establishment Division instead of supporting the proposal of the FPSC which was formulated after due diligence and deliberation that proposed to the caretaker Prime Minister during February, 2008 that for the efficient performance of official business, the proposal by FPSC may not be accepted. Nobody in the Establishment Division bothered to analyze/examine the case, that the recommendations of the FPSC are based on natural justice in order to remove a serious bungling between two sets of compulsory papers, instead the baboos changed the track towards deterioration of English standard and the recommendation of the FPSC was killed in the Prime Minister' Secretariat due to lack of proper examination and prudent analysis.

The same matter was again taken up by the Present Prime Minister during September, 2008 in order to remove the anomaly, but the Establishment Division again without focusing on the issue, reiterated its old logic which was endorsed by the PM's Secretariat to the Prime Minister and in this way again the baboos succeeded in sabotaging the recommendations of the FPSC. Establishment Division further proposed to the Prime Minister that the result of CSS competitive examination, 2008, has already been announced, now making any change in the Rules would be treated as retrospective effect and liable to litigation. It is important to indicate that Establishment Division and FPSC have included more than 40 seats of OMG (SOs) retrospectively during October, 2008 after the announcement of the 2009 CSS result without any fear of litigation/ favouring of selected candidates.

In view of the above facts, and for the sake of national justice, national integration, encouraging intelligent and capable candidates and at the same time eliminating Arts and Science divide, the Prime Minister must look into to and candidates who have secured 40% marks in aggregate (80 Marks out of 200 marks) in English compulsory papers on the analogy of General Knowledge in aggregate (120 Marks out of 300 Marks) may be declared successful/ pass for the forthcoming CSS, 2009 onwards.

By Zaheeruddin Babar (The Nation)

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Punjab University declares results
Lahore: Punjab University Examination Department here Thursday declared the results of MPhil Islamic Studies, Master of Commerce, LLM (Final), MPhil Solid State Physics, MSc Environmental Sciences, MSc Zoology, MA Persian, MPhil History leading to PhD, MSc Geography, MSc (Hons) Environmental Sciences, MSc Space Science, MSc Geography (Replica) and BSc (Hons) in Computer Science.

In MPhil Islamic Studies (Semester System), Session 2005-2007, a total of 15 candidates appeared and 10 were declared successful while result of one candidate is later. In Master of Commerce (Semester System), Session 1994-1996, only one candidate Manzoor Ahmad S/o Ch Khushi Muhammad appeared and got success. In LLM (Final), Annual Exam 2007, two candidates appeared and both were declared successful. In MPhil Solid State Physics, Session 2001-2003, only one candidate Zahid Razzaq Anjum S/o Muhammad Saleem appeared and got success.

In MSc Environmental Sciences (Self-Supporting), Semester System, Session 2003-2005, two candidates appeared and both were declared successful. In MSc Zoology (2-Years Replica Programme), Semester System, Session 2005-2007, a total of 46 candidates appeared and 43 were declared successful. In MA Persian (Semester System), Session 2006-2008, a total of 36 candidates appeared and 20 were declared successful.

In MPhil History leading to PhD, Session 2004-2006, a total of 6 candidates appeared and 4 were declared successful while result of two candidates is late. In MSc Geography (Morning), 2-Years Programme, Semester System, Session 2006-2008, a total of 50 candidates appeared and 49 were declared successful while result of one candidate is late. In MSc (Hons) Environmental Sciences (Evening), Semester System, Session 2005-2007, a total of 16 candidates appeared and 4 were declared successful while result of 11 candidates is late.

In MSc Space Science (Evening), Semester System, Session 2005-2007, a total of 18 candidates appeared and 9 were declared successful while result of 5 candidates is late. In MSc Geography (Replica), 2-Years Programme, Semester System, Session 2006-2008, a total of 40 candidates appeared and all were declared successful. In MPhil Solid State Physics Session 2006-2008, a total of 23 candidates appeared and 4 were declared successful while result of 15 candidates is late. F.P. Report

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Book fair at Allama Iqbal Medical College (AIMC)
Lahore: A three-day book fair started at the library of Allama Iqbal Medical College (AIMC) on Thursday and a large number of medical students and teachers visited it.

According to a press release, AIMC Principal Prof Dr Javed Akram, while inaugurating the fair, said that book reading was not only an avenue of knowledge but also a companion in solitude.

He said book reading sharpened the personalities of human beings and prepared them to face challenges in the cutthroat world of competition.

He said those nations which pursued the knowledge with enthusiasm succeeded.

He said that the book fair was arranged to entice students to book reading so 30 percent discount was being offered to them.

He said the common notion that medical students only read boring scientific books was wrong as a large number of the students showed their interest in purchasing books of drama, poetry, English literature, fine arts and fictions. The News

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Punjab University students win 2nd position in APEEC 2008
Lahore: The students of Punjab University Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering has won second position in Research Paper Competition and Project Competition in the All Pakistan Electrical Engineering Conference (APEEC) 2008 held at Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering & Technology (GIKIET). PU team comprising Muhammad Usman Asad, Asif Raza, Osama Tahir, Muhammad Amar and Asim Iqbal participated in Research Paper Competition and presented a paper titled 'An Autonomous Robot for NERC (National Engineering Robotics Contest) 2008' and bagged second position. Ppi

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