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Pakistan Literacy Annual Report 2009-10

Pakistan way behind in education
Karachi, Nov 02: State Bank of Pakistan Annual Report 2009-10 has declared that in the region Pakistan lags behind as compared to other regional countries with comparatively low literacy rate and low public spending on education.

Despite showing improvement in various education indicators, a regional comparison shows Pakistan's performance being relatively weak, the Report said and added that literacy rate improved slightly in Financial Year (FY) 2009 reaching 57 percent as compared to previous years. Latest available data shows that literacy rate improved slightly in FY 2009 reaching 57 percent compared to 56 percent in FY 2008. Further analysis of the domestic education indicators shows that Pakistan is unlikely to meet its targets associated with MTDF and MDGs (2015). The current literacy rate of 57 percent in FY 2009 is far below than the MTDF target of 77 percent and MDG target of 100 percent to be achieved by 2010 and 2015 respectively.

According to the Report, "In depth analysis of education data shows that literacy rate amongst urban population has shown improvement; however, in rural population it declined in FY 2009 compared to FY 2008. A positive development has been an improvement in female literacy rate, however male literacy rate remained constant in FY 2009 as compared to FY 2008.

It is pertinent to mention here that Punjab Province has sustained its supremacy in the education sector as compared to other provinces. The Report revealed, "Province-wise analysis of literacy rates shows disparities amongst the provinces as Punjab remained the most literate province both in terms of overall as well as female education. On the other hand, lowest level of education was recorded in Balochistan with overall literacy rate recording a decline in the province during FY 2009 compared to FY 2008. Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa registered an increase in overall literacy rates during FY 2009 as compared to FY 2008. Relatively better position of literacy level in Punjab compared to other provinces can be attributed to successful implementation of education sector reforms in the last decade. However, lower female literacy rate in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa may be due to cultural factors."

Among other indicators of education, Net Enrolment Rate (NER) registered an overall improvement as well as an improvement in rural, urban, male and female levels during FY09, it added. "On the other hand, similar to FY 2008, Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) remained at 91 percent in FY 2009. Present gender-wise literacy level also remains below the required targets of MTDF and MDG. In the same way, it seems highly unlikely that Pakistan will meet MTDF and MDG targets among other indicators of education like NER and survival rate to grade," it declared.

According to the Report, "An important development during 2009 was the approval of 7th National Finance Commission (NFC) Award which recommends a mechanism of revenue sharing between the Federal Government and provinces. Under the award, the Federal Government has agreed to increase the share of provinces in divisible pool and also to reduce collection charges. With such an increase in the divisible pool, responsibility of the Provincial Governments for provision of basic facilities like education and health would increase. This is likely to increase self-sufficiency of the provinces for provision of these basic facilities and programmes initiated by the Provincial Governments are more likely to be in accordance with local requirements." The report, in its conclusion, said that despite improvements in education indicators, Pakistan's education sector is still faced with key issues and challenges including low literacy level among females particularly in rural areas, low primary completion rate, high pupil teacher ratio and inefficient budgetary allocation for education.

Other factors including limited physical infrastructure and lack of trained teachers have also hampered progress of education sector in the country. Given the current scenario, increased focus on education is required to achieve the goal of universal primary education in the country.

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Name: Abdul Razzaq Morio
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Students booked for protest
Rawalpindi: As many as eight students of Army Public College of Management Sciences (Apcoms) were booked on Monday by the Civil Lines police for inciting students to protest and keeping some of the students and college staff in illegal detention and damaging the college property.

The college principal Obaid Ahmed Madni lodged a criminal case with the police saying that some students had staged protest and also incited the others students to agitation.

The principal further alleged that the protesting students also locked the college staff members, including female, in a room and confined them for more than three hours. The nation

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Gomal University official says he never issued degree to Rahimdad
Peshawar: In-charge of degree cell of the Gomal University Monday told Election Tribunal of the Peshawar High Court that Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Senior Minister Rahimdad Khan's degree was available in the university record, but he was not the one who issued the document.

He made the statement before an Election Tribunal headed by Justice Mazhar Alam Miankhel that was hearing an election petition filed for disqualification of Rahimdad Khan of the Pakistan People's Party.

In-charge of degree cell of the university, Hafeezullah Khattak during cross-examination said the degree of Rahimdad Khan was not put before him for signature despite that he had been signing the degrees since 1995.

When Rahimdad's counsel Abdul Lateef Yousafzai questioned him about issuance of original degree to Rahimdad Khan by the varsity, he simply said that the degree was not sent to him for signature. The official admitted in the court that he was suspended for six months from the post but he denied that he was suspended on charges of bungling in degrees record.

Senior minister's counsel produced slip of urgent fee worth Rs2,000 that was deposited for issuance of the degree from the university. On the court directives Hafeezullah produced record of the degrees issued. In the previous hearing, Hafeezullah had showed ignorance about issuance of BA original degree to Rahimdad Khan when his lawyer produced the documents before him for verification. He said that signatures of vice-chancellor and controller of examination were genuine, but he did not know who had issued the degree. Two statements of Hafeezullah were found contradictory during cross-examination by the Rahimdad's lawyer. The court adjourned the case till November 22.

The tribunal was taking up two identical election petitions, filed by losing candidates from PF-27 (Mardan-V) Shahid Khan and Riaz Khan who had accused the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa senior minister of producing a fake bachelor's degree before the election commission to contest the general elections. The petitioners requested the tribunal that the election of Rahimdad may be set aside and the authorities concerned be directed to take appropriate legal action against him.

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Beaconhouse lift debate trophies
Islamabad: The debate team of Beaconhouse School System, Margalla Girls Campus, displayed their winning streak at the debate competition held here on Monday.

The competition was organised by the Elite International School with more than fifteen schools competing in it. The Beaconites lifted both trophies for 'Best Team' and also 'Beast Speaker'.

Beaconhouse students, Saleha Khalid and Farzana Anwar of A and O levels respectively swept away the competition with their crisp arguments and public speaking skills. Their confidence and delivery styles contributed to them being declared the 'Beast Team' while Farzana Anwar was declared the 'Best Speaker' of the tournament - winning both trophies for their school.

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Students take interest in a 2-day Education Expo
Islamabad: The students took great interest in a 2-day Education Expo 2010 organised here on Monday by HR Consultants (Pvt) Ltd with an aim to provide guidance and assistance in securing admissions in the foreign universities.

Representatives of the foreign universities operating in UK, Australia and Canada set up their respective stalls where many students filled up their admission forms and some of them even appeared for interviews.

"I have visited stalls of various foreign universities and this expo provided a real opportunity to interact with university representatives and secure required information," said Nuzhat Fatima, a student who visited the Education Expo with her various college fellows.

Arafat Shahid, business development executive said that HR Pakistan has been providing safe, challenging, life-changing study abroad experiences to students and professionals as well.

He said they provide complete assistance to students in admission in a foreign university and visa filing at the respective embassy or high commission. Complete visa filing and documentation is assisted by HR after verifying educational records, financial background and motivation of the students to study in foreign universities.

Arafat said they also provide free pre-evaluation and all students are encouraged to complete HR pre-evaluation form and provide required documents so that their profile can be effectively judged.

He said IELTS or TOEFL is a prerequisite for admission in most of the foreign institutions and universities. However, there are a few exemptions in case the students have a Level 3 proficiency in English or possess a GCE Certificate.

HR Pakistan has so far set up offices in major cities including Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Peshawar and Karachi.

"HR Pakistan is also providing foreign professional education in Pakistan, in both campus-based and distance learning mode. Also test preparations such as ACCA, GMAT, TOEFL and IELTS are provided by highly trained and qualified professionals," he said.

He said HR Pakistan is highly recommended by the foreign institutions and foreign missions in Pakistan such as the British Council, Australian Trade Commission and New Zealand Trade Commission.

Established in 1993, HR Consultants is the official representative of a number of prestigious foreign universities and has a strong reputation for helping students to study in a foreign country.

He said they have been closely working with many universities/institutions worldwide under agreements and admissions are arranged in all these institutions. The news

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