Nobel prize 2009 for chemistry
Chemistry Nobel prize awarded to antibiotics trio
Stockholm, Oct 8: Three scientists who produced atom-by-atom maps of
the mysterious, life-giving ribosome won the Nobel chemistry prize on
Wednesday for a breakthrough that has allowed researchers to develop
powerful new antibiotics.
While DNA molecules contain the
blueprint for life inside each cell of every organism, it is the
ribosome that translates that information into life.
Ada Yonath and Americans Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas Steitz
shared the 10 million Swedish crown ($1.4 million) prize for showing
how the ribosome, which produces protein, functions at the atomic
"As ribosomes are crucial to life, they are also a
major target for new antibiotics," the Nobel Committee for Chemistry at
the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement.
academy said many of today's antibiotics cured various diseases by blocking the function of bacterial ribosomes.
Ms Yonath, a professor at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel,
told a news conference by telephone that she was elated to receive the
award: "It is above and beyond my dreams."
scientists used a method called X-ray crystallography to map the
position for each of the hundreds of thousands of atoms that make up
Ms Yonath made the initial breakthrough at the
end of the 1970s when she first tried to generate X-ray
crystallographic structures of the ribosome, a feat most considered
The method involves aiming X-rays towards a
crystal, which then scatter when they hit atoms. By looking at how the
rays spread out, scientists can determine how atoms are positioned.
Ms Yonath started by taking a micro-organism found in the nearby Dead
Sea and crystallising its ribosomes. She did this by freezing them at
nearly minus 200 degrees Celsius.
Jeremy Berg, director of
the US National Institute of General Medical Sciences which funded all
three scientists, said he was amazed at how intrepid Ms Yonath was.
"I remember at the time being just completely stunned that she was
somewhere between brave enough and crazy enough because it was way,
way, way beyond the technology available at that point," he said.
It would take another 20 years before a full map could be made. During
that time, two others joined the race: Yale University's Steitz and
Indian-born Ramakrishnan of the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in
In 1998, Mr Steitz published the first crystal
structure of a large part of a ribosome, something that looked like a
The three scientists reached the finish line
almost simultaneously in 2000, publishing crystal structures that were
sharply enough defined to locate atoms.
Mr Ramakrishnan paid
tribute to those who worked beside him. "I have to say that I am deeply
indebted to all of the brilliant associates, students and post docs who
worked in my lab as science is a highly collaborative enterprise," he
said in a statement.
Scientists use ribosome models to develop antibiotics that can fight harmful bacteria. Dawn
"Education in PAKISTAN is not easy.what will be tha new strategy of admission to government medical colleges?Is government want to incraese seats for mbbs and bds?can i be a doctor to serve others?plz disclose them all! "
City, Country: chishtian,pakistan
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Education minister apologized for remarks on MPAs
Peshawar: The Provincial Education Minister Sardar Hussain Babak
appologised for his remarks against MPAs after a privilege motion was
moved against him in Provincial Assembly on Wednesday.
The privilege motion was jointly moved by MPAs Zahir Shah, Nighat
Aurakzai, Ghulam Muhammad and Fazl Ullah over the remarks of the
minister on training of MPAs about assembly business. To avoid any
further embarrassment the Minister Sardar Hussain Babak apologised for
The movers contented that Minister has breached the privilege of the
house by saying that assembly members need training over house business
as majority of them are ignorant about attending assembly session.
He said Akram Durrani of MMA is former Chief Minister of the province
and there are so many other seasoned parliamentarians in the assembly.
The Education Minister's remarks are in total disregard of senior
members of the house, he added.
He also alleged that Provincial Minister's behaviour with MPAs is very
humiliating who approach him for posting and transfer of teachers of
their respective constituencies.
Zahir Shah demanded of the Speaker to allow the house to admit the
privilege motion so that proper action could be taken.
Speaking on the occasion, Provincial Minister for Primary Education,
Sardar Hussain Babak said his remarks were not aimed at hurting the
honor of any member. He said people keep on learning even in the old
age and in this spirit he had requested the Speaker to conduct concept
clearance training for members about assembly's proceedings.
However, he added, he apologizes from the house over his remarks and
avoid giving such statements in future which can be felt by any members
as tantamount to breach of his privilege.
Later, the privilege motion was withdrawn by the mover, MPA Zahir Shah
of PML(Q) from Shangla district.
Meanwhile, MPAs also lodged complaint in NWFP Assembly of being
by-passed in appointments of Class IV and senior employees by
The issue was raised by Deputy Speaker NWFP Assembly, Khush Dil Khan
who said this during his visit to City Hospital on Kohat road he found
two doctors one of them from Rawalpindi and other from Nowshera.
Khush Dil Khan said it is tantamount to injustice that doctors of Pindi
and Nowshera districts are appointed in Peshawar where hundred of
jobless doctors are searching for jobs.
Supporting the contentions of Khush Dil Khan, MPA Javed Tarakai from
Swabi district also took up the floor on a point of order and alleged
that 186 appointments have been made in his constituency in Class IV,
but he was not consulted.
He said it has been decided by the government that all Class IV
appointments would be made with the consultation of the MPAs.
Leader of Opposition in NWFP Assmebly, Akram Khan Durrani also spoke on
the occasion and supported the allegations.
He said all the appointments are being made with out consulting the
Provincial Minister for Manpower, Sher Azam Khan also expressed the
same view point. Speaking on the occasion, Provincial Minister for Law
and Parliamentary Arshad Abdullah said consultation of MPAs in
appointment of government servant is not mandatory.
According to law and Supreme Court hearing, he continued, all the
appointment are made on merit.
However, he added, government will ensure consultation of respective
MPA in appointment of Class IV employees. F.P report
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Importance of life skills education
Islamabad: Equipping young people with 'Life Skills' information is the
key to protect them from abuse and exploitation.
views were expressed by Jo Reinders, Technical Advisor Sexuality &
Youth World Population Foundation, the Netherlands, on the occasion of
the third National Life Skills Based Education (LSBE) Forum, organised
by the World Population Foundation (WPF) Pakistan in collaboration with
Aahung and Plan-Pakistan.
The forum was aimed at propagating
the importance of Life Skills Education and its effective integration
into national curricula as pledged in this year's national youth and
Officials from Ministries of Health,
Education, Youth Affairs and Population Welfare, relevant UN agencies
(Unicef and UNFPA), NGOs, media personnel and implementing partners of
LSBE from across the country attended the forum. Representatives of
local education departments from Districts Vihari, Mitiari and Karachi
were also present on the occasion.
Reflecting on the positive
impact that Life Skills Education has on the local youth, the
participants were assured of full support in every way possible for the
effective implementation of LSBE.
Recommendations presented to
the ministries at the end of the forum reiterated the need to integrate
Life Skills Education into national curricula, while the need to
introduce a Child Protection Policy was also voiced. It was further
recommended that an LSBE Forum at national level should be formulated
with representation from the ministries of population welfare, youth
The recommendations called for including
topics, such as bodily changes, in the curriculum to ensure that young
people are well prepared and at ease with the biological changes they
experience upon reaching puberty.
Talking on the occasion,
Country Representative WPF Pakistan Qadeer Baig emphasised the need to
translate LSB Education from policy to implementation in order to raise
a confident and progressive generation for the greater development of
Around the world, LSBE is being adopted as a means
to empower young people in challenging situations. It refers to an
interactive process of teaching and learning, which enables learners to
acquire knowledge and develop attitudes and skills that support the
adoption of healthy behaviours. It is also a critical element in
Unicef's definition of quality education.
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Eid Mela, China Day celebrated at IIU
Islamabad: Celebration was in the air at the International Islamic University
(IIU),Islamabad, as the students arranged an 'Eid Mela' along with
celebrating the Chinese Independence Day here Wednesday at the
university's women campus.
The chief guests for the event were
Mushahid Hussain, Chairman Pakistan-China Institute, along with Dr
Dushka, Executive Director of the Institute, Prof Fateh Mohammad Malik,
Rector IIUI, Parveen Qadir Agha, Director Women Campus IIUI, and
Qaisera Alvi, Provost Women Campus.
Students took great interest
in the stalls of eatables, garments, 'mehndi', fast food and jewellery,
while there was an unusual turnover at the Chinese stalls where various
items of jewellery, clothes, purses, mobile phone accessories and
packed eatables were being offered. The Eid Mela also included a few
joyrides like a merry-go-round and a swinging boat that had long queues
of students, waiting in line for their turn.
Pakistan-China Institute Mushahid Hussain while addressing the students
said they have launched this new Institute with a special emphasis on
bringing the two countries closer in areas of security, trade,
investment and economy, energy, education, youth, women and culture.
Institute has been recently launched here at the University on October
1, coinciding with the founding anniversary of Peoples Republic of
China. This non-governmental, non-party and non-political organisation
is the first Pakistani think tank, devoted exclusively to promote,
strengthen and expand Pak-China relations in different fields, and
would work in key sectors of Pakistani state and society, including
political parties, civil society, educational institutions, opinion
leaders, media and the business community.
Executive Director of the Institute, while addressing the students said
the Pakistan-China Institute would hold regular seminars and briefings
on important developments pertaining to Pak-China relations and
maintain an interactive website. She asked the students to give their
suggestions and assured that the Institute would entertain the ideas
coming from them.
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Students took part in Press Club show
Rawalpindi: Students of various schools and colleges of Rawalpindi participated in
a number of competitions, held at Rawalpindi Press Club here Wednesday
that were organised in collaboration with Chohan International
Consultants and Multimedia Zoom.
The competitions as part of a
Funfair Mela included those of singing, cooking, 'mehndi' application
and a fancy dress show, in which girls participated enthusiastically.
In the cooking competition, the students of Hina Academy prepared
doughnuts, cakes, biscuits, 'pulao', Chinese noodles, salads and
several other mouth-watering dishes, while the singing contest and the
fancy dress show were held inside the Press Club auditorium.
many stalls were also set up as part of the arts and crafts exhibition
at the 'mela'. Among various stalls of fast food, cellular companies,
sewing machines, garments and jewellery, there was also a stall by the
Progressive Women Association, whose members distributed handouts and
information regarding domestic violence to the girls.
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Yale Educator Award for Khadija
Rawalpindi: Roots College International Director for External Programme
Khadija Omair was given the '2009 Yale Educator Award' by the Yale
The Yale Educator Recognition Programme
recognises only outstanding educators from around the world, who have
supported and inspired their students to reach at high levels.
students are invited to nominate high school educators, and a
committee, composed of Yale admission officers, reviews the nominations
individually and designates recipients.
The Office of
Undergraduate Admissions of Yale University, this year, received 175
nominations from 36 US states and 15 countries, out of which only 36
teachers and 16 counsellors were selected to receive the prestigious
In September, the winners were sent engraved desk sets
and congratulatory letters, and the high school administrators were
notified of their achievements. The news
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