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Literacy rate rose by just 1pc in 2005-06

ISLAMABAD, Sep 8: According to findings of the Pakistan Social & Living Standard Measurement Survey (PSLM) 2005-06, the literacy rate in the country has gone up to 54 per cent in 2005-06 against 53 per cent in 2004-05, showing an improvement by only one per cent.

The literacy rate was 45 per cent in the country, according to the Pakistan Integrated Household Survey (PIHS) conducted in 2001-02.

The Punjab government has failed to boost the literacy rate despite spending millions of dollars on its "Parha Likha Punjab" programme", while the Balochistan government has claimed to achieve marvellous results by increasing the literacy rate to 39 per cent in the province.

The Punjab government led by Ch Pervaiz Elahi has spent millions of dollars in the last couple of years on the education sector with the help of donors, especially the World Bank, but it has failed to boost the literacy rate in the province, according to the results of the official survey conducted by the federal government to assess social indicators.

However, the Balochistan government has claimed a 200 per cent increase in enrolment at primary school level, especially girls, during the last four years. "The literacy ratio which was only 24 per cent on average and has now reached 39 per cent," states an official report prepared by the Balochistan government and exclusively made available to us on Friday.

However, according to the latest data compiled by the government of Pakistan, in Sindh the literacy rate declined by one percentage point in 2005-06 as it stood at 55 per cent in accordance with the results of the official survey against 56 per cent in 2004-05.

In Punjab, the literacy rate went up to 56 per cent in 2005-05 against 55 per cent in 2004-05. There were 66 per cent literate males and 47 per cent literate female in 2005-06 against 65 per cent literate males and 44 per cent literate females in 2004-05.

The literacy rate in Sindh stood at 55 per cent in 2005-06 with 67 per cent literate males and 42 per cent literate female literates. The literacy ratio in the province was 56 per cent in 2004-05 with 68 per cent literate males and 41 per cent literate females. It means that the male literacy rate declined by one percentage point during the 2005-06 as compared to 2004-05 in Sindh.

The literacy rate in the MMA-led NWFP went up to 46 per cent in 2005-06 against 45 per cent in 2004-05, showing an improvement of one percentage point. There are 64 per cent literate males and 30 per cent literate females in 2005-06 against 64 per cent literate males and 26 per cent literate females in 2004-05.

It shows that the female literacy rate increased by four per cent during 2005-06 in the NWFP.

The literacy rate in Balochistan stood at 38 per cent in 2005-06 against 37 per cent in 2004-05. There were 54 per cent literate males and 20 per cent literate females in 2005-06 compared with 52 per cent literate males and 19 per cent literate females in 2004-05.

The primary NER decreased in the Punjab by one percentage point during 2005-06 compared with the previous fiscal year 2004-05. The primary NER in Punjab was 57 per cent in 2005-06 compared with 58 per cent in 2004-05.

The primary NER increased in Sindh as it stood at 50 per cent in 2005-06 against 48 per cent in 2004-05. The net enrolment ratio at primary level in the NWFP was 48 per cent in 2005-06 against 47 per cent in 2004-05.

The primary NER decreased in Balochistan as it stood at 34 per cent in 2005-06, which was 37 per cent in 2004-05, showing a downfall by 3 percentage points.

The Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) at primary level increased by one percentage point, as it was 87 per cent in 2005-06 compared with 86 per cent in 2004-05. The GER at primary level in Punjab stood at 94 per cent, Sindh 80 per cent, the NWFP 82 per cent and Balochistan 65 per cent in 2005-06.

In the Punjab, the middle level NER stands at 20 per cent in 2005-05 and it was at the same level of 20 per cent in 2004-05. The middle level NER decreased in all other three provinces, i.e. Sindh, the NWFP and Balochistan, during 2005-06 compared with the previous year.

The middle level NER in Sindh was 17 per cent in 2005-06 against 18 per cent in 2004-05. The NER for middle level in the NWFP was 14 per cent in 2005-06 against 16 per cent in 2004-05. The NER for middle level in Balochistan stood at seven per cent in 2005-06 against eight per cent in 2004-05.

The middle level Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) increased in 2005-06 as it stood at 49 per cent in accordance with the latest survey against 46 per cent a year earlier on 2004-05.

The middle level GER in Punjab stood at 53 per cent, Sindh 44 per cent, the NWFP 52 per cent and Balochistan 37 per cent during 2005-06. The news
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