Over 50m in Pakistan illiterate
Literacy Day on 8th
Islamabad, Sep 07: International Literacy Day would be observed across
the globe on September 8 including Pakistan with the theme for Year
2009 'Literacy and Empowerment'.
The day is observed every year
since 1965. Literacy is recognised as a basic human right. The purpose
of the International Literacy Day is to focus attention on the need for
mass literacy and to highlight the importance and benefits of literacy
to individuals, communities, societies, and for the world community as
a whole. Since literacy is so closely linked to all aspects of life, it
is almost impossible to imagine a life without literacy. International
Literacy Day therefore focuses attention on literacy issues and the
need to raise public awareness and support for literacy. Today, about
45% or over 50 million people in Pakistan are illiterate. Half of the
rural women can not read and write. Pakistan is a signatory to
different national and international Conventions and Declarations,
including Education For All (EFA) and MDGs.
illiteracy is a constitutional responsibility of the State of Pakistan,
as per Article 37-b of the Constitution, says a document issued by
It said the Govt of Pakistan has been taking steps to
promote literacy and basic education in the country. However,
government efforts can produce better results only when all sections of
the society actively participate in the fight against illiteracy.
Policy makers and change agents, particularly the political parties and
parliamentarians, should lead the literacy movement in their
constituencies and at the national level. Civil society, especially the
mass media can play a key role in creating an enabling environment for
promotion of literacy and basic education in Pakistani society.
said ranking of Pakistan is not impressive with respect to literacy
rate when we compare its position with other countries of the region,
particularly in South-West Asia. The following table presents a
Historically, it said Pakistan has not been
spending enough on basic education. In 1962, Pakistan signed an
international declaration to increase its education budget up to 4% of
GNP by 1980. Budget for the education sector has remained low. The
following table shows how much Pakistan has been spending on education
against the promised figure of 4% of GDP.
It said few adult literacy programmes launched in the past, were under
financed, planned and launched in haste, implemented without effective
monitoring, and closed abruptly due to administrative or political
changes. Illiteracy, though a critical challenge for Pakistan, failed
to receive due attention and support of subsequent governments. On
average, less than one percent of the education budget was allocated or
spent for adult literacy and NFBE programmes. Adult literacy and NFBE
has been suffering with following problems:
There are some certain
reasons due to which Pakistan has not succeeded to achieved desired
goals in the education sectors, these factors include lack of a
consistent and strong policy, poor financing of adult literacy and NFBE
programmes, absence of a proper organizational structure at various
levels, low quality due to weak professional base and leadership gap or
indifference of political leaders to patronize literacy movement in
their areas, it said.
The document said although education is the
responsibility of the provincial governments, however, federal
government ought to support critical areas, which are neglected or
underdeveloped. By signing Education For All Declaration, Pakistan has
committed to achieve the target of 86% literacy by 2015. However, an
analysis of the past trends show that Pakistan will not be able to
achieve this target, unless existing pace is accelerated and country
wide programmes of Adult literacy and Non-formal Basic Education are
launched with, a new vigor and under a stronger leadership of
parliamentarians, community leaders, and social workers.
September 08, ceremonies including seminar, debate and rallies would be
taken out across the country to mark the day while on September 11
another ceremony would be held in the Federal Capital.
Minister, teachers and learners of NFBE Centres, officials of Ministry
of Education, UN agencies and NGOs Focus will deliver speeches. The nation
"When wil be the nts result? "
City, Country: Pak
"when will be the merrit list announced. "
Name: Munir Ahmad
City, Country: Peshawer, Pak
"when admisions will start"
Name: asim awan
City, Country: Misurata, Libya
"HI CAN I VIEW SAMPLE TEST"
Name: sweet doll
City, Country: peshawar pakistan
"i have tow test at a time i mean uop test at 2pm on 29 aug and marine test at 1pm on 29 august"
Name: rafiq khan afridi
"Hey whats the date of this test?"
Name: Zain ul abdeen
City, Country:Mansehra, Pakistan
"you must obey rules and regulation regarding to admission,don,t fallow the nepotism"
Name: niaz khankhail
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Name: muhammad saeed
"im m NOOR and its my number.agar koi contact karna chahta hi to ye mara number hi ***********"
"on what date da nts genrel test will be and till what date we apply for comming test"
Name: Hafeez UR Rehman
"is their any scholarships for orphan students? plz inform me as soon as possible."
Name: jawad khan
"Why the BS English is not yet introduced in peshawar university for those students who like and love English!!! whyyyy??."
Name: Adnan khan
City, Country:Karak, Pakistan
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PU awards PhD to faculty member after 9 years
Lahore: The award of a PhD to a faculty
member following approval of thesis report after nine long years by the
Punjab University's Advanced Studies and Research Board (ASRB) has
become a subject of heated debate among the university's academic
There are those who see at the move as a "favour" while
others, including the university administration, term it "relief" from
vindictive policy of the former administration.
The PU's ASRB
meeting held on September 1 approved 16 reports on PhD theses,
including one of Prof Zahid Kareem, who is presently working as
university's Controller of Examinations.
According to sources,
Prof Zahid Kareem registered for PhD in Geology on 30.10.1993 got his
registration confirmed on 19.02.1995. They said that according to
rules, a candidate could submit his/her thesis within seven years after
registration. Interestingly, the said faculty member submitted his
thesis exactly within seven years on 30.10.2000. They further said
reports by foreign referees on the said PhD thesis were submitted on
30.07.2009 and 19.08.2009 respectively while the report by local
referee was submitted on 21.08.2009.
A number of PU faculty
members, talking anonymously said that the real issue of
concern was the delay witnessed in the particular case. They said such
a delay was rarely witnessed in the university. The question is "Where
the thesis was in all these nine years?" asked a concerned faculty
He said interestingly on Sept 1, the ASRB meeting, in
which the PhD cases were approved, was also attended by Prof Zahid
Kareem being Controller of Exams of the university.
PU official said Prof Kareem suffered at the hands of the previous
administration which did not approve even panels of examiners for him.
case was deliberately kept pending," claimed the official. The present
administration, under the leadership of Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid
Kamran, organised many meetings of the ASRB to clear the mess and
provide relief to the affectees, he said, adding that the teachers
should appreciate the university administration instead of making it an
issue as relief was being provided to the "aggrieved" teachers. He said
in such cases, the administration was responsible for delay and not the
Prof Zahid Kareem, when contacted, said he had
submitted his thesis within the given time, adding that it was
responsibility of the university administration to process it
accordingly. Without naming anyone he said "I suffered at the hands of
others." PU Registrar Prof Dr Naeem Khan who had also attended the ASRB
meeting held on Sept 1 said the case was processed on merit. The news
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Islamiat made compulsory
Lahore: Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif has said that Islamiat
subject has been made compulsory from first grade to graduation in
National Educational Policy 2009 for the religious awareness.
He said this while holding a meeting on Saturday, regarding National
Educational Policy 2009 here at Chief Minister House.
Shahbaz Sharif said the meeting decided to include history and
geography in Pakistan Studies from primary to secondary level and
exclude from the syllabus the material that stand in conflict with
Islamic teachings and values.
He said it has been decided that science and mathematics would be
taught in English language in a bid to boost the modern education,
adding a regulatory authority is being established to establish and
coordinate the private educational institutions.
Sharif said he is thankful to Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani to
incorporate the recommendations of Punjab government in National
The girls are being offered vast opportunities of education in this
policy, he added.
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Punjab University announced BSc results
Lahore: Punjab University Examination Department has declared the results of
BSc Home Economics, First Year, Annual Examination 2009, BSc Home
Economics, Second Year, Annual Examination 2009, BSc Home Economics,
Third Year, Annual Examination 2009 and DOMS, Part-II, Supplementary
Examination 2007 and Annual Examination 2008. Detailed results are also
available at PU website www.pu.edu.pk. F.P report
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34,000 educators recruitment to complete soon: CM
Lahore: Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz
Sharif has said that the condition of education sector has been
pathetic during the last 62 years owing to lack of commitment and
spirit on part of bureaucracy and politicians.
He said without
eliminating illiteracy and ignorance, the dream of putting the country
on the road to progress and prosperity could not be materialised.
was addressing a meeting held to review the recommendations regarding
the National Education Policy 2009 at the Chief Minister's Secretariat
here on Saturday.
The chief minister said that despite all
resources the desired results could not be achieved in education sector
during the last 62 years while the countries having less resources had
made great progress through bringing revolution in educational sector
with their commitment, spirit and dedication.
example of Sri Lanka, Iran and Bangladesh, he said these countries had
improved education sector due to their sincere efforts.
Shahbaz said his government had taken revolutionary measures for
improving education sector which would only be fruitful when
implemented in letter and spirit. He said the process of recruitment of
34,000 educators on merit throughout the province would be completed
during the next week and the step would be an unprecedented example of
teachers' recruitment on the basis of merit.
He said the project
of establishing computer labs in more than 4,000 schools of the
province would be completed by the end of next month.
said the government was implementing a strategy to raise the education
standard for which special attention was being paid to the teachers'
training while incentives had also been announced for the hardworking
teachers in this regard. He said Danish schools project had been
started for providing the latest educational facilities in far-flung
areas so that students of such areas might acquire education like the
children of privileged classes and get a high place in the society.
Sharif said the promotion of vocational training was important for
development and for this purpose, the Punjab government had further
activated Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (Tevta)
and skilled manpower was being prepared according to the demands of the
market. He stressed that dropped out students should be motivated
towards technical educational institutions so that they could not only
earn livelihood for their families but also play a role in development
of the country.
The Chief Minister said that he was thankful
to Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani who had included the
recommendations of the Punjab government in the National Educational
Earlier, the secretary Schools, Higher Education
and Literacy presented detailed recommendations for the National
Educational Policy 2009.
Students call on CM: Students
selected for four years' language course in China under a scholarship
programme called on Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif at the Chief
Minister's Secretariat on Saturday.
According to a DGPR handout,
the chief minister congratulated the students on their selection for
the language course and expressed his best wishes.
the occasion, Mr Shahbaz said future of Pakistan was linked with China
and students belonging to Punjab should learn Chinese language and
serve the country. He said students after getting expertise in Chinese
language would be helpful in development of industrial, trade and other
sectors of Pakistan. He stressed upon the students to represent their
country in China in the real sense and pay all their attention towards
education. The news
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