Gender disparity in Pakistan education
Call to end gender disparity in education
Peshawar, Apr 24: Despite the passage of 14 years the provincial
government is yet to frame rules under the NWFP Compulsory Primary
Education Act, 1996, due to which the law could not be implemented.
The Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (Sparc) on
Friday called upon the provincial government to frame the relevant
rules so as to effectively enforce the law.
launching ceremony of "Global Action Week of education", the regional
manager of Sparc, Jehanzeb Khan, and provincial programme manager,
Khalid Mehmood, stated that according to Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Annual
Statistical Report 2008-2009 there were around 497 non-functional
schools out of a total of 26,793 primary, secondary and higher
secondary schools in the province.
Mr Khan stated that the
government should bring an end to gender disparity in education in
accordance with the Dakar Framework for Action adopted in 2000 at an
international educational conference. "A total of 65.6 per cent and
67.9 per cent boys are enrolled at primary and secondary level in the
province whereas 34.4 per cent and 32.1 per cent girls are enrolled at
primary and secondary level respectively, which shows the gender
disparity in the province," he added.
He pointed out that the
number of male working teachers at primary and secondary level was 64.6
per cent and 71.6 per cent respectively and the number of female
teachers at primary and secondary level was 35.4 per cent and 28.4 per
Mr Khan stated that around 14.6 per cent
of girls were enrolled in government primary schools were attending
boys' schools and 4.6 per cent boys were attending girls' schools,
which showed the non-availability of school buildings for respective
He informed the participants that the Global Action
Week was observed every year from April 19-25 throughout the world.
This year the global campaign is being held under the theme "Financing
quality public education"
Khalid Mehmood stated that
according to the Global Monitoring Report 2007 Pakistan was far behind
to attain the goal of adult literacy by 2015.
illustrates that education in Pakistan suffers from worst forms of
negligence, indifference and apathy. "Out of 160 million total
population, half are less than 18 years of age. An estimated 25 million
children are not going to school and approximately 10 million are in
child labour," he added.
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage to GDP is lowest in Pakistan. "Surprisingly instead of
increase in state funding in education, the trend of investment on
education has been decreasing as 2.5 per cent and 2.47 per cent in the
year 2006-07 and 2007-08 were allocated respectively whereas it is
estimated to be 2.10 per cent during the year 2008-09," Mr Mehmood
He said that according to Pakistan Social and Living
Measurement Survey (2007-08), the overall literacy rate (age 10 and
above) was 56 per cent. The literacy rate among males was 69 per cent
and 44 per cent among females in 2007-08. Literacy rate remains higher
in urban areas (71 per cent) than in rural areas (49 per cent), the
He stated that the said official facts and
figures showed that the government had taken no concrete steps to
address the most important issue which was directly linked to
development, prosperity and future of the country.
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Kohat BISE announces steps to reform private schools
Kohat: The Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education,
Kohat announced on Friday to reform private education sector by ending
corruption, nepotism and exploitation at all levels.
a press conference at his office on Friday the secretary of BISE, Kohat
Shahid Zaman told journalists the new chairman had devised a
comprehensive strategy to eliminate corrupt teachers involved in
cheating and minting money. He was accompanied by the assistant
secretary Malik Nayyar Azam Khattak.
Mr Zaman informed that the
new chairman had proposed that the students of all private schools must
wear uniform of same colour and design to end discrimination.
to new salary structure, he said, the owners of schools would not
appoint teachers below BA/BSc/B.Ed up to middle level and would pay
them Rs10,000 minimum. Those teachers taking classes of 9th and 10th
grades should hold master degree and must be paid Rs12,000 minimum
salary per month. This was being done to end exploitation of teachers
at the hands of the school owners and encourage quality education at
all the institutions, he added.
Similarly the BISE, Kohat
schedule fee should be Rs500 from nursery to class 5th, Rs700 from
class 6th to class 8th, Rs900 for 9th and 10th and Rs1,200 for
intermediate students.Mr Zaman said all such schools would be closed
down which had not been registered properly and failed to implement the
pay and fee formula. Similarly, he added, nobody would be allowed to
run more than one school with one registration.
BISE, Kohat declared all unions and groups except SECTA and Schools
Officers Association as illegal and imposed ban on their activities.
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Security around schools tightened
Peshawar: In the wake of reports about the entry of would-be
suicide bombers in the cantonment area, police continued patrolling in
the streets and did not allow parking outside schools.
Police have also issued registration numbers of the vehicles reportedly in use of militants.
Police were seen patrolling on the main and link roads. It was observed
that police personnel had been deployed outside different schools, who
had asked the school managements to ensure vehicles were not parked
outside the buildings for picking or dropping students.
schools' main gates remained closed and students had to use the small
gates under tight security in order to check the entry of any suspected
person. A watchman said they had instructions to stop even women
wearing 'shuttlecock' burqas as terrorists could enter in the garb.
Police said there was information about the entry of would-be suicide
bombers in Peshawar and they had to check people roaming outside
Gulberg police station SHO Zahid Alam said the area
connecting Peshawar cantonment through Gulberg was very open and
outlaws could easily enter the sensitive area, adding the checking did
not mean to tease the people but it was compulsion of police.
About the movement of suspected people in the jurisdiction of the Bana
Manai police station near Gulberg, he said rider squads' personnel had
been strictly directed to cover the link roads and pavements to ensure
Referring to the killing of a student in a bomb
blast outside the Police Public School on the Jamrud Road on April 19,
he said police had to alert the school administrations and enhance
security after that incident.
When contacted, Cantonment
Circle SP Shafiullah Khan said that SHOs of the region had been
directed to visit the schools and keep close liaison with principals
concerned to avert any harm to the lives of children.
seized a suspected car and arrested one person near Sango on Thursday
evening after an encounter, but it is yet to be ascertained if the car
is owned by militants or drug smugglers," he said.
linking the tribal region, he said, was open and anti-state elements
could easily enter the limits of Peshawar. However, he added, police
had covered maximum of the area.
He sought support of parents
to park their vehicles at a distance from the schools while picking or
dropping their children. He also asked administrators of schools to
enhance security measures by appointing security guards to keep
vigilance on the movement of irrelevant and suspected people near the
Police also continued checking of vehicles in the
Saddar Bazaar, which led to traffic congestion at checkpoints,
especially on the Mall Road, Arbab Road and the Saddar Road.
Police said they had reports about a possible attack during Friday
prayer and sufficient personnel would be deployed at different mosques
to avert any incident. Dawn
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Agriculture University process for appointment of vice-chancellor in final stage
Peshawar: Process for the appointment of a full-time vice-chancellor
for the NWFP Agricultural University has entered the final stage as the
search committee after panel interviews with nine candidates for the
prestigious office has recommended three names to the
Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa governor, who is also chancellor of the public
sector universities, to take the final decision.
office fell vacant on January 2, 2010, after the retirement of the
vice-chancellor Prof Dr Said Khan Khalil from service. He was, however,
given acting charge on January 16 till appointment of new
vice-chancellor. The post was formally advertised on January 21, asking
aspirants to apply for the post till February 2.
candidates applied for the position, according to sources. The recently
reconstituted search committee after the scrutiny of the applications
called nine candidates for panel interviews on April 13, the sources
said. Those interviewed included Prof Dr Said Khan Khalil, Prof Dr Khan
Bahadur, Prof Dr Riaz Khattak, Prof Dr Zahoor Swati, Prof Dr Fazle
Raziq Durrani, Prof Ghulam Habib, Hamidullah Shah, Munir Khattak and
Mohammad Afzal, the sources added.
The search committee for
appointment of vice-chancellors of public sector universities then
proposed three names to the governor for final selection, the sources
There were reports that Dr Said Khan Khalil has been
recommended again despite reservations by some members of the
committee. But another source said that he had not been recommended at
all. However, the governor has the discretion to appoint anybody he
wants as vice-chancellor. He could also appoint someone not proposed by
the search committee. The other two recommended candidates are Dr Khan
Bahadur and Dr Riaz Khattak.
Meanwhile, some faculty members of
the university have expedited their campaign against Dr Said Khan
Khalil, who is a great survivor. They are of the opinion that he has
already completed three terms as vice-chancellor, which is against the
statutes of the university. As per the university laws, a man can serve
as vice-chancellor for only two consecutive terms, claimed a senior
professor requesting anonymity. If this is true, it is strange that the
search committee even then shortlisted him and called him for
The Agricultural University Teachers Association
(AUTA) held several meetings discussing the alleged irregularities
committed by the university administration under Dr Said Khan Khalil in
the last five years. The teachers' representative body and some senior
faculty members of the university also sent a number of letters to the
governor highlighting the alleged corrupt practices of Dr Said Khan
In a fresh 10-page letter that was also sent to The
News, serious allegations of moral and financial corruption, illegal
appointments, misuse of power and use of various tactics to appease
those at the helm of affairs have been levelled against him. The news
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Performing arts festival begins at GIK institute
Peshawar: A three-day 12th All Pakistan Performing Arts
Festival started here on Friday at the Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of
Engineering Sciences and Technology (GIKI), Topi. The Cultural
Dramatics and Entertainment Society (CDES) of the GIKI is organising
The official media partner for the event was City FM 89.
Pro-Rector (Academic) Prof Dr Fazal Ahmad Khalid (SI) was the chief guest who also formally inaugurated the event.
More than 200 participants of 15 teams from all over Pakistan travelled
to GIKI and were part of the colourful cultural festival.
Teams of the Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture (Karachi),
Government College University (Lahore), Thespainz Theatre (Karachi),
Fast (Lahore), Comsats (Lahore), Adnan Jahangir and Umair Arif
participated in the performing arts festival.
coordinator Yasir Afridi said aim of festival was to bring together all
the leading universities of Pakistan under one roof, to perform on one
stage. The 12th All Pakistan Performing Arts Festival is an
amalgamation of all the performing arts -- from mime to dances and from
plays to live band performances.
The musical performances
were from the bands Catharsis, Kafiyat and solo performance by Bilal
Khan.The festival has been the greatest merit of CDES since last 11
years and this year proves to be no different.
The atmosphere was liked and appreciated by the sponsoring companies and the visiting alumni.
Sohail Ahmad, famous comedian in Pakistan's performing art circles,
will be the chief guest on the third and concluding day of the
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USAID denies withholding funds for schools
Mansehra: The USAID has clarified a report appearing in a
section of press alleging that the agency is withholding funds for the
reconstruction of ten schools in Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa.
statement issued here said that the USAID had committed to reconstruct
31 schools in the province out of which 21 were being built by
contractor Camp, Dresser and McKee.
The work on these schools was either complete or underway, the statement added.
"Consistent with its new policy of working through government of
Pakistan agencies rather than foreign contractors, USAID is in the
process of transferring funds to the Earthquake Reconstruction and
Rehabilitation Authority (Erra) for the reconstruction of the remaining
ten schools. No funds are being withheld," the statement concluded. Dawn
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