Pakistan rural education | UHS MBBS result
Learning levels in rural areas tumbling
Lahore, Jan 25: Learning levels of students across rural Pakistan are
tumbling despite rhetoric and massive investment and interventions in
school education system by respective provincial governments as almost
57 per cent Grade 5 students cannot read Grade 2 English sentences and
cannot do two-digit division. More alarmingly almost half of such
students have been found unable to read simple Class-II level story text
Since last year, the competency of reading English sentences by
Class-V students has gone down by 5 per cent and in arithmetic skills
have fallen by 1 per cent. The students' ability to read
Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto story text remained static at around 50 per cent.
The educationists say students' low learning levels bring into
question the competence of teachers as well as the examination systems
that are promoting incompetent students to next grades.
Sindh has shown worst students' learning outcomes, enrolment as well
as school facilities, while Punjab tops among the provinces followed by
Gilgit-Baltistan (GB), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Balochistan in terms
of students' learning outcomes, enrolment and school infrastructure,
reveals Pakistan's largest citizen-led and household-based Annual Status
of Education Report (ASER) Survey 2013.
The ASER survey findings, based on the testing of 249,832 students
(including 41 per cent girls) in rural parts of 138 districts and 13
urban districts, has been conducted by Idara-i-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) in
collaboration with its partner organisations for the fifth consecutive
year. The ASER survey was pioneered by India in 2005 and is now being
conducted in eight countries to assess their school students learning
levels and school facilities.
In Sindh, the survey has revealed that almost 75 per cent Class-V
students are unable to read Class-II English sentences and do two-digit
subtraction, while 71 per cent students failed the test of doing
two-digit division and 58 per cent remained unable to read a story text
The learning indicators of students in Sindh are even low than their
counterparts in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata), which shows
that its 27.9 per cent students can read English sentences and 29.3 per
cent and 37.4 per cent children are able to solve two-digit subtraction
and division questions.
Besides appalling learning levels, some 29.1 per cent 6-16 years of
age children in Sindh are also out-of-school including 6.6 per cent
dropped out – showing a little improvement from last year's 32 per cent
The ASER survey about the incidence of 6-16 years of age
out-of-school children shows that despite public demand with respect to
Article 25-A of the Constitution making education a fundamental right
since 2010, the state has not shown any overwhelming response as a large
number of 5-16 years of age children are still out of schools.
The Balochistan and Sindh provinces have shown most appalling
out-of-school students' ratio at 33.8 per cent and 29.1 per cent,
respectively. In Punjab and Gilgit-Baltistan, the ratio of out-of-school
children stands as high as 15.7 per cent each, and 14 per cent in
The survey has assessed 5-16 years and 3-5 years age children's
learning levels through specifically designed Class-II level story text
in Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto languages.
The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Grade 5 students have shown poorest competence
in reading Urdu or Pashto as 61 per cent of them cannot read Class-II
level story text that grows to almost 89 per cent when the same test was
given to Grade-III students. In Balochistan, 51.2 per cent Class-V
students could not read story text, while 94.4 per cent Class-III
students failed in story reading text. In GB, as many as 49 per cent
Class-V and 84 per cent Class-III students cannot read Urdu/Pashto story
In Punjab, 34 per cent Class-V and 73 per cent Class-III students cannot read Urdu story text.
In the reading test of Class-II level English sentences,
Balochistan's 96.1 per cent Class-III and 71 per cent Class-V students
failed. In Sindh, Class-III and V's 91 per cent and 75 per cent
children, respectively, failed to read English sentences.
In Punjab, where many interventions have been made through the
assistance of foreign donors agencies, has shown far better results as
its 62.1 per cent Class-V and 25.2 per cent Class-III students qualified
the English sentences reading test.
As high as 60.4 per cent Grade 5 students in GB and 39.3 per cent
students in KP showed their competence in reading English sentences.
The mathematics assessment test covering two-digit subtraction and
division questions put to Class-V students revealed that 75 per cent and
71 per cent students in Sindh could not correctly attempt the two types
of questions, respectively.
In KP, 65.8 per cent and 62.4 per cent students could not solve the
subtraction and division questions correctly. This ratio in Balochistan
stood at 66.5 per cent and 61.4 per cent, respectively. In GB, 69.3 per
cent and almost half of the total surveyed students correctly attempted
subtraction and division questions,
The Punjab students topped among all provinces' students with only
27.5 per cent students found able to do subtraction and 56.3 per cent
students doing division questions correctly.
The Punjab province is ahead of KP, Sindh, GB and Balochistan in
terms of infrastructure facilities in schools – classrooms, useable
drinking water and toilets, boundary walls, library and computer labs in
Though a primary school should have six classrooms ideally, GB and
Punjab have 3.4 and 3.0 classrooms on an average. KP, Sindh and
Balochistan have 3.3, 2.3 and 2.0 classrooms on an average.
The less number of classrooms in schools is leading to multi-grade
teaching and the survey data shows that across Pakistan, 48 per cent of
the surveyed government schools and 30 per cent private schools had
Class-II students sitting with other classes. Similarly, 15 per cent
government and 37 per cent private schools had
Class-VIII students sitting with other classes.
Punjab has useable drinking water in its 95 per cent primary schools,
KP in 74.1 per cent schools, Sindh 67.7 per cent, GB 55.9 per cent and
Balochistan have water facility in 28.8 per cent schools.
The functional toilets are available in 86.4 per cent primary schools
in Punjab, 56.7 per cent in KP, 49.6 per cent in Sindh, 40.7 per cent
in GB and 16.6 per cent schools in Balochistan.
As high as 80.5 per cent primary schools in Punjab have
boundary-walls, as compared to 65.9 per cent in KP, 63.2 per cent in
Sindh, 50.8 per cent in GB and 24.7 per cent primary schools in
With regard to the availability of libraries in primary schools and
functional computer labs in high schools, Punjab's 13.8 per cent and
82.1 per cent schools have these facilities, respectively.
KP, GB, Sindh and Balochistan's 23.3, 11.9, 2.2 and 0.6 per cent
primary schools have libraries, while 71.9, 38.9, 37.5 and 23.3 per cent
high schools have functional computer labs, respectively. Dawn
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UHS announces MBBS part II result
Lahore: University of Health Sciences (UHS) on Friday announced the result of First
Professional MBBS Part-II Annual Examination 2013 with overall pass
percentage of 84.70.
A UHS spokesperson said a total of
4,532 candidates of 31 affiliated medical colleges had appeared in the
exam held in Nov/Dec 2013 out of which 3,825 passed, whereas 691 failed
the exam. The result of 16 candidates would be announced later on.
Farooq, s/o Farooq Saeed Khan, of Allama Iqbal Medical College (AIMC),
Lahore, got first position securing 523/600 marks. Sehar Amjad
Chaudhary, d/o Muhammad Amjad Chaudhary, of FMH College of Medicine and
Dentistry, Lahore and Nafeesa Liaquat Ali, d/o Liaquat Ali, of Nawaz
Sharif Medical College, University of Gujrat, Gujrat got second and
third positions securing 520/600 and 517/600 marks respectively.
The pass percentage of Gujranwala Medical College, Gujranwala and Shalamar Medical and Dental College, Lahore, remained 100.
pass percentage of other colleges is as follows: Allama Iqbal Medical
College, Lahore, 97, Akhtar Saeed Medical and Dental College, Lahore,
90.74, Avicenna Medical College, Lahore, 95.79, Aziz Fatima Medical and
Dental College, Faisalabad, 65.82, CMH Lahore Medical College 87.16,
Central Parks Medical College, Lahore, 84.44, Continental Medical
College, Lahore, 44.62, Dera Ghazi Khan Medical College, DG Khan, 86.11,
FMH College of Medicine and Dentistry, Lahore, 89.47, Hashmat Medical
and Dental College, Gujrat, 38.46, Independent Medical College,
Faisalabad, 66.04, Islam Medical College, Sialkot, 59.46, Khawaja
Muhammad Safdar Medical College, Sialkot, 98.94, Lahore Medical and
Dental College, Lahore, 77.99, Multan Medical and Dental College,
Multan, 88.89, Nishtar Medical College, Multan, 89.67, Nawaz Sharif
Medical College, Gujrat, 90.63, Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad,
89.91, Pak Red Crescent Medical and Dental College, Lahore, 70.97,
Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur, 79.69, Rawalpindi Medical
College, Rawalpindi, 83.33, Rashid Latif Medical College, Lahore, 78.64,
Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, 87.68, Sahiwal Medical
College, Sahiwal, 94, Sheikh Zayed Medical College, Rahimyar Khan,
86.71, Sargodha Medical College, Sargodha, 91.18, Sharif Medical and
Dental College, Lahore, 92.79, University Medical and Dental College,
Faisalabad, 86.31 and Wah Medical College, Wah Cantt, 86.02.
failed candidates can submit their admission forms on or before
February 18, 2014 as the supplementary examination will commence from
March 11, 2014. The news
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