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KU developed herbal ointment | ISO female students protest

Karachi University develops herbal ointment for skin disease
Karachi, July 13: Researchers belonging to the University of Karachi (KU) Hussein Ebrahim Jamal (HEJ) Research Institute of Chemistry have developed a herbal ointment for the treatment of a common skin disease, leishmaniasis.

HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry Director Prof Dr M Iqbal Choudhary described the study on leishmaniasis as the first of its kind in the region. This research was conducted in collaboration with Jinnah Post Graduate Medical College Dermatology Department Head Dr Azam Samdani and Dermatologist and Larkana Leprosy Unit In-charge Dr Farooq Soomro.

Leishmaniasis is an infectious skin disease that looks like a wound and is caused by the parasite, leishmania. The disease is transmitted through the bite of sand files usually active in the evening and night. These flies breed in dense vegetation and caves or burrows of small rodents. The infection due to the parasite shows on the skin and the disease usually shows on the hands, feet and face, said Research Officer Samreen Khan.

Cutaneous (skin) leishmaniasis is most common in Pakistan and is seen in the people of Balochistan, upper Sindh and northern mountainous areas, mostly in the winter. This disease is caused by a different species of leishmania, including leishmania major and leishmania tropica. In 2001, the biggest outbreak of this disease was seen in districts of Larkana, Sukkur and Dadu.

The treatment of the disease involves the drug pentavelant antimonials but as it has severe side effects as well as the fact that the parasite is becoming resistant to the drug is limiting its usefulness.

"Administering the medicine via an injection is painful and the drug is expensive too besides it has side effects, whereas a herbal ointment extracted from garlic bulbs and different plant species has little to no side effects and can be easily applied to the patients skin," revealed Samreen.

She maintained that five years of research have shown that this is the cheapest treatment, which all patients can afford.

During the primary study, when the herbal ointment was applied to 200 patients suffering from skin leishmaniasis, 150 patients responded positively. This disease can happen to people of all ages but it is usually common in the elderly.

"There is little known about visceral leishmaniasis, a dangerous form of the disease and more research is required. This type of leishmaniasis affects the internal organs of the body including the spleen, liver and bone marrow. Visceral leishmaniasis is the second most prevalent type of leishmaniasis in Pakistan after cutaneous leishmaniasis," she further said. This disease is more common in rural areas while the parasites may also be spread through blood transfusions and sharing contaminated needles.

People who have cutaneous leishmaniasis have one or more sores on their skin. These sores can change their size and can become larger over time, while some of the sores are covered by a scab. These sores may be painful or painless. In some cases glands also form near the sores.

Your Comments
"thats is rong article he repots ronge biological activity, that thing is rong, Prof. Dr. iqbal is also inovolved in plagarism."
Name: student
City, Country: lahore

"I am suffering from leishmansis and i need the herbal drug. Pl send me ghe name and detail of the drug. Thanks"
Name: Sana ul haq
City, Country: Peshawar, Pakistan

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ISO female students protest against Islamophobia
Karachi: Female students of the Imamia Students Organisation (ISO) staged a demonstration on Sunday against the murder of an Egyptian Muslim woman, called Marwa el-Sherbini in a courtroom in Germany.

They called her 'hijab martyr' because she was branded as a 'terrorist' by her neighbour for wearing a traditional Muslim headscarf and she had sought justice against it.

The female students gathered outside Karachi Press Club against the Sherbini's murder. They lifted Sherbini's portraits and placards inscribed with slogans including 'Marwa's murder in a German Court is an example of Islamophobia in the West' and 'Marwa's murder exposed the US and Europe's hatred of Muslims'.

Speaking at the protest demonstration, ISO Talebat Karachi Chapter Official Shireen demanded that the German government execute Sherbini's murderer and try the security personnel over their negligence.

She said that on the one hand, murderer openly stabbed an innocent Muslim woman to death and on the other, the security personnel in the courtroom fired at Sherbini's husband.

"Neither the US nor the EU condemned the gory nor has macabre killing that shaken whole of the humanity, let alone the Muslim world. Not a single statement from the United States and the European nations, why," she expressed surprise.

The ISO official said that criminal and inhuman silence of the US and European governments, even after an entire week has passed after the murder, have uncovered their real faces.

The ISO female wing adopted a resolution that demanded the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) and the United Nations (UN) to take notice of the murder. Dialy Times

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Book on Pakistan's foreign policy published
Karachi: The Department of International Relations (IR) at the University of Karachi (KU), in collaboration with the Hanns Seidel Foundation, Islamabad, has published a book titled 'Foreign Policy Making Process: A Case Study of Pakistan,' according to a press statement issued on Sunday.

The book, which has been edited by Department of IR Chairperson (and Programme on Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution Director) Prof. Dr Moonis Ahmar, examines in detail the themes on foreign policy making, the role of ethics in the practice of diplomacy and the formulation of foreign policy making, the historical basis of foreign policy of Pakistan, and the role of the foreign office, military and intelligence agencies, civil society, public opinion and the media in the formulation of Pakistan's foreign policy, the statement added.

The book also has in depth chapters on Pakistan's relations with the United States, India and Afghanistan and has contributions from Ambassador (retd) Tanvir Ahmed Khan, Ambassador (retd) Shamshad Ahmed, former foreign secretaries, Ambassador (retd) Shahid Amin, Ambassador (retd) Tariq Fatem, Prof. Dr Rasul Bux Rais, Prof. Dr Moonis Ahmar, Dr Jafar Nawaz Jaspal and Munizeh Zuberi. The book has been printed at the KU Bureau of Composition, Compilation and Translation. The News

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