June 05: Unemployment is one of the biggest problems of Pakistan. That person is unemployed who has ability to do work and is willing to do work but is unable to get such job opportunity. In the current situation more than 30 lakh people are unemployed in Pakistan and unemployment ratio is more than 12%.
i) The biggest reason of unemployment in Pakistan is concerned with the backwardness of agriculture sector. Agriculture is the biggest sector of our economy that contributes 20.9% to GDP and 44% people get jobs from this sector directly or indirectly. Unemployment in this sector is from two sides. First is due to the adoption of latest machinery and capital intensive technology. Due to this, demand for labour has been decreased. Second is the backwardness of this sector, there is less availability of fertilizers, pesticides, quality seeds, absence of land reforms and lack of agriculture education. Due to all these factors agriculture sector is not expanding and there is general and disguised unemployment.
ii) Industrial sector is the second largest sector of our economy which contributes 19% to national income. This sector should employ a large number of labour. But due to backwardness it is employing a small number of people. Due to electricity breakdown already established industry is deteriorating. Resultingly there is prevailing unemployment.
iii) High cost and low quality are responsible for less demand for our Agri. and industrial items. Because of less demand of such kind of goods both the domestic and international producers are losing their interest in production. That's why people are becoming unemployed.
iv) In Pakistan education system is defective. There is no educational planning. This system is producing the stuff, which is useless in technical fields of the country. There is lack of technical and vocational institutions. Public attitude towards education is wrong, they want to get their degree in general and arts subjects. Nobody can set up his own business without technical education.
v) Millions of people in Pakistan are poor. There is general poverty in the country. Due to poverty people are overburdened with expenditures and their savings are very low. It is said that for the reasonable growth of economy saving rate should be at least 25% in any country, but in Pakistan it is only 13 to 14% which is very low. Low investment level is due to less savings, ultimately there is unemployment.
vi) In Pakistan majority of the business men is less educated. They do not known how to run their business properely. So aften they become bankrupt. This factor generates unemployment on massive level.
vii) In our country there is lack of every kind of planning. There is a huge difference between the demand and supply for labour. There is absence of such kind of planning to produce doctors, engineers, technical experts and scientists, etc. according to the needs of different sectors of the economy.
viii) Load shedding of electricity is disturbing every sector of the economy, especially the industrial sector. Due to less availability and high rates of basic inputs like electricity, gas and oil, etc. many industries have been closed.
ix) In Pakistan ratio of direct taxes are more than indirect taxes. Tax evasion is common. Due to less income from the taxes, Govt cannot start developmental projects. If there is no investment, then from where public would find jobs. On the other side if Govt takes steps to increase indirect taxes, it would also affect the investment climate and ultimately employment level.
x) Current international financial crisis is one of the biggest reason of unemployment in Pakistan and in the whole world. This crisis originated from the banking sector of US, UK and some European countries.
xi) Pakistan's population growth rate is 1.8% which is highest in the region. Our resources are limited. Different sectors of economy are unable to provide jobs to the growing population. So there is unemployment.
xii) Fiscal and monetory policies are responsible for unemployment. In view of fiscal policy, Pakistan has less funds to invest in job providing projects. Every annual budget shows deficit. Through monetary policy if Govt increases the rate of interest, it discourages the investors to get loans.
xiii) Political instability, disturbed law and order situation, army's interference, bomb blasts, terrorism, inconsistent economic policies, etc. are the factors which are disturbing domestic and foreign investment. Pakistan investors are taking away their money to Dubai and other countries of the world.
xiv) Due to 9/11 incident, Gulf war and the baseless allegations of terrorism the image of Pakistan has been affected very badly at international level. So in current scenario Pakistan has limited job opportunities in other countries of the world.
xv) People's interest to work only in Govt sector instead of private sector and seasonal firms, industries are also responsible to create unemployment.
xvi) Since 1947, Pakistani rulers got loans from IMF, World Bank and many other sources. Such loans were not utilized honestly. Current external debt of Pakistan is more than 50 billion dollars. Govt has to allocate a big amount for the payment of loans with interest in the budget. So due to less resources for developmental projects unemployment is on the rise. Concludingly I would like to suggest that with proper economic planning, consistent policies of government, better law and order situation, abolishing energy crisis, sincerity with Pakistan and by adopting the Islamic economic system we cannot only tackle the issue of unemployment but every economic problem of our country. -By Shahzad Ahmad, firstname.lastname@example.org (F.P report)
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Search on for teachers to fill top BISE slots
Lahore: The Punjab higher education department has initiated a search process to select college teachers for their posting against top seats in all the eight education boards in the province.
It is learnt that Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif had taken strict notice that a number of college teachers were continuously holding top posts -- chairman, secretary and controller of examinations – in education boards.
The CM had recently refused to grant extension to Lahore board secretary Haji Muhammad Dogar.
Sources said the chief minister was not happy with the boards' performance because of their failure to implement the 1998 policy to curb the booti mafia in the examination system. He had also expressed his displeasure in this regard at a "booti mafia" meeting in the midst of last month.
It is learnt that the government is getting reports about the character and personality of various college teachers from sensitive agencies for their inclusion in panels and consequent selection by the competent authority.
Sources said several college teachers were holding posts in education boards for more than their three-year tenures.
It is learnt that Rawalpindi board secretary Humayun Iqbal has been serving the board for the last over seven years. He served a full three-year term as secretary and then served second term as controller of examinations, and has now been again serving as board secretary for over a year.
Gujranwala board chairman Chaudhry Akram has served as controller of examinations at Bahawalpur and Lahore boards. He also served as deputy secretary (academic) and additional secretary (academic), and has now been holding the Gujranwala board chairman office for almost two years.
Multan boards' controller of examinations Chaudhry Asghar has completed his three-year tenure as controller of examinations, and is now working on "till further orders". He had also served the Multan board as secretary for a full three-year term before assuming the CE assignment.Multan board secretary Muhammad Husain Azad has completed his tenure as secretary and is working on "till further orders".
DG Khan board chairman Mahr Bashir Ahmad and Bahawalpur board chairperson Bilqees Akram have completed their tenures and have now entered in the fifth year of their service.
Faisalabad board secretary Zafar Iqbal is serving as controller of examinations despite being an employee of the board. He is serving against deputation post.
On the other hand, the Faisalabad and Rawalpindi boards' chairmen seats are lying vacant and the board secretary and a college principal are holding the charge, respectively.
Similarly, the seat of Lahore board secretary has not been filled on a regular basis because additional charge has been given to Nasir Jamil Anjum.
As the government is all out to bring new officials against the boards' top slots, various officials believe that this exercise will do more damage than good.
They say incumbent officials have gained a lot of experience and that must not be wasted.
They claim the appointment of new officials has already resulted in the leakage of question-papers. They suggest that the government should shuffle the officials in various boards to ensure that they do not make groups.
They also propose shuffling of boards' employees, who actually do make groups and even exploit the top officials. Dawn
Secy Edu punished for favouring ex-Secy BISE
Lahore: Secretary Higher Education, Azhar Hussain Shamim was made OSD on Wednesday but why he has been meted out such a treatment is a question that remained on the tip of every tongue in the Punjab Civil Secretariat.
There was strong perception in the secretariat that Azhar Shamim has to face such circumstances for bracketing himself with an officer of Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Haji Muhammad Dogar about whom Chief Minister Punjab had not a good opinion.
Sources claimed that when CM announced to send the BISE position holder students delegation to visit UK and Germany, the CM directed the Secretary to manage the tour.
But Azhar Shamim first recommended Chairman Board, Muhammad Akram Kashmiri to head the student delegation and later presented name of Haji Muhammad Dogar.
It is worth mentioning that as per reports of agencies Haji Dogar does not enjoy good reputation in the education circles for his alleged involvement in financial irregularities in the BISE.
Sources in Punjab Civil Secretariat revealed that Haji Muhammad Dogar managed to initiate a summary for CM Punjab from Secretary Higher Education office for his extension in service prior to two months of his retirement by giving impression to the secretary that he was in good books of the CM.
But Punjab CM expressed his displeasure over the recommendation and Shahbaz not only rejected the summary but also removed Haji Dogar from the slot and ultimately transferred Azhar Hussain from his office.
Another reason for the transfer of Azhar being discussed among the education circles is that Azhar could not serve the project of Chief Minister Punjab against 'Booty Mafia' especially in case of former MNA Haji Pervez wherein Chief Minister recommended action against responsible but the Secretary did not pay any heed towards the issue. Differences of Azhar with Chief Librarian of Punjab Public Library was also one of the reasons for transfer. However an officer of the S&GAD said the day when Azhar was made OSD, he was also promoted in next grade. The Nation
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KEMU students protest exam irregularities
Lahore: Students of King Edward Medical University (KEMU), under the banner of the Students Action Committee (SAC), staged a protest rally and a sit-in on Thursday while observing a complete boycott of classes against alleged irregularities in the examination system of the varsity.
Hundreds of Kemcolian students, led by SAC chairman Qazi Yasir and representatives including Tariq Saif, Kamran, Hafiz Amer, Tayyab Mahboob, Tayyaba, Ghazala, Naureen and Huma, marched in a protest rally on The Mall which commenced from the varsity gate at Neela Gumbad and culminated at Punjab Assembly to protest against the alleged anomalies in the examination system of KEMU thus favouring the sons and daughters of professors and influential personalities and victimizing the students of poor families. The rally caused worst traffic mess in the sizzling hot weather. Besides, the ambulances and private transport, carrying patients, also got stuck in the traffic clog, causing suffering to the patients due to long delay in their transportation to the Mayo Hospital.
The students were carrying banners and placards inscribed with their demands and slogans against KEMU administration and examination branch for allegedly victimizing the students belonging to common families and favouring those students who were sons and daughters of professors and other influential personalities.
They staged a sit-in in front of Assembly Hall to press the government and KEMU administration to fulfill their demands to rectify KEMU's examination department's inefficiency and failing several students in papers of Forensic Medicine and Pharmacology which resulted in wastage of a precious academic year of 10 students of second professional year.
They alleged that the students of KEMU were most brilliant who fulfilled the highest merit in Punjab province but all the top positions and medals were meant for the children of professors which was evident from the example of a former Vice Chancellor of KEMU whose son had achieved 11 gold medals.
They further alleged that central checking of the university's examination system was a mere claim, and claimed that the papers were checked according to their own convenience.
They said that they had met with the KEMU Vice Chancellor the other day and presented their demand to conduct re-checking of papers of the affected students by appointing assessor of examination or neutral examiner.
They demanded to remove the faults of the examination department and compensate the affected students by reassessing their papers.
Meanwhile, a delegation of young Kemcolians met with Governor's secretary Tariq Shahzad in Governors' House and also met with a deputy secretary in Chief Minister's Secretariat and apprised them of their problems and presented their demands for early fulfillment to save the careers of the affected students.
According to them, the CM Secretariat has also sought a reply from the KEMU Vice Chancellor till June 20 on this issue of alleged irregularities in examination system.
Meanwhile, King Edward Medical University (KEMU), Lahore, Registrar Prof Dr Mahmood Shaukat stated that the university conducted all examinations according to the laid down rules and secrecy.
He said that all questions were assigned fictitious roll numbers and the internal and external examiners evaluated the candidates independently. "All results are handled by the Tabulation and Secrecy Branch," he said and added that the results only were seen on the day of declaration by the Vice Chancellor, Controller and Registrar.
He said the Punjab government rightly did not allow any grace marks in any professional examinations, as it was tantamount to lowering the standard. "Any such practice if carried out would lead to instant de-recognition of degrees and loss of credibility built gradually over decades. This will adversely and irrevocably affect the impression of our education board," he maintained. The News
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Wants activists restored: IJT threatens to disrupt UAF exams
Faisalabad: The University of Agriculture Faisalabad chapter of the Islami Jamiat-i-Tulba (IJT) on Thursday threatened the varsity administration that it would disrupt the on-going semester examination, besides launching a protest drive, if its seven expelled student activists were not restored immediately.
On April 6 this year, seven IJT activists were expelled by the UAF administration for holding a 'New Year night' event on Dec 31, 2008, featuring Qiraat and Na'at programme in a mosque on varsity premises without its permission, using loudspeaker and 'threatening' and 'maligning' the varsity authorities.
On the recommendation of a Disciplinary Action Committee (DAC), the varsity had expelled UAF IJT Nazim Sajid Ali for two years, Tahir Mehmood of MSc (Agronomy), Abdul Rafey Raziq and Mohammad Shoaib of BSc Agri Resources Economics, Hafiz Arslan Anwar of BSc Agriculture, Mohammad Salim of DVM and Mohammad Shafqat for one year. Each of the expelled student, except Sajid Ali, were slapped Rs10,000 fine by the committee.
The IJT challenged the expulsions in the Lahore High Court, but later withdrew the petition.
Both sides held a series of meetings to resolve the issue but failed to do so because of trust deficit.
The last such meeting was held on June 1 where Dr Faqir Anjum, representing the university, assured the students that their fellows would be restored soon, an affected student said, adding the UAF administration had done nothing in this regard so far.
Sajid Ali said the varsity administration had asked the IJT to withdraw the petition from the high court as a goodwill gesture, but despite doing so the students were not restored which would deprive them of their 'right' to appear in the semester examination which had already begun from June 4.
He said now the IJT had decided to launch a movement against the administration and disrupt the semester examination to protest against the 'injustice'.
UAF acting vice-chancellor Dr Iftikhar Ahmed said the expelled students violated the varsity rules by indulging in unlawful activities and politics. He said the students were expelled following a set disciplinary procedure and their cases were decided by proper forums.
He said starting agitation was not the proper way to get relief. Dawn
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Degrees of 5 MPAs challenged
Lahore: A Ctitizen Rabiya Ashraf has challenged the qualification of five MPAs of PML-N, Raheela Khadim Hussain, Saima Mahiyuddin, Mehmooda Sahi, Farrah Deeba and Shagufta Sheikh, alleging that they had submitted fake degrees before the election commission.
The petitioner contended that the respondents were elected MPAs on reserved seats on PML-N tickets. They had submitted fake degrees before the election commission.
She, therefore, prayed to the court to declare the respondents disqualified from being members provincial assembly.
She also prayed to the court to restrain the respondents from joining the assembly session until the disposal of her petition. The News
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PU donate Rs 10m for IDPs
Lahore: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran chaired a meeting, on Wednesday, in the Seminar Hall of Centre of Undergraduate Studies in which in which PU Medical Relief Camp Swabi Incharge Prof Dr Haris Rasheed briefed the meeting about the relief activities. It was unanimously decided that all the departments will contribute in the relief fund from their self supporting programs. On the occasion different heads of the departments announced donations to contribute in the relief fund.
Director IBA Prof Dr Muhammad Ehsan Malik announce Rs 3 million, Principal College of Pharmacy Prof Dr Muhammad Jamshaid announce 2.5 million, College of Earth and Environmental Sciences Principal Prof Dr Iftikhar Baloch announce 5 lakh, Geography Department Chairperson announce 2 lakh 80 thousand, Principal College of Statistics and Actorial Sciences Dr Shahid Kamal announce 5 lakh, Director ICS announce 5 lakh 22 thousand and PUCIT Principal announced 3.5 million from the self support funds of PUCIT and IBIT and 1.5 lakh on behalf of his family for the welfare of the displaced peoples of affected areas.
Speaking on the occasion, Vice-Chancellor Dr Mujahid Kamran invited suggestions from the participants about the improvement of facilities at the camp. He said people have been donating funds generously in the PU relief camps. He issued order to constitute a committee to ensure transparency in the utilization of these funds. He also asked the heads of departments to motivate students to collect funds for the IDPs.
Centre for High Energy Physics (CHEP) Director Prof Dr Khwaja Haris Rasheed, who is also Incharge of relief team, briefed the participants about the relief activities being provided to Swat affectees at PU medical relief camp established at Shah Mansoor, Swabi. He told the participants that the medical team was providing treatment to 500 patients daily. He said PU medical relief camp was the only where lady doctors were also present. He said NWFP Health Secretary had visited PU relief camp twice and appreciated the relief activities being provided to the IDPs. A suggestion was made that a team of IER should send in the affected areas to provide education facilities to the displaced children. F.P report
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GCU sends goods for IDPs
The welfare society of the Government College University Lahore dispatched a truck carrying 400 packets of relief goods for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) of NWFP.
The relief goods including pulses, dry milk, biscuits, rusk, flour, soap, toothpaste and necessary edible and items for minors were handed over to the DCO Lahore to handing over the consignment to authorities concerned.
The society took the initiative following to special directives by Vice-Chancellor Dr Khalid Aftab and collected goods and funds from the students of GC University Lahore after a week-long campaign.
During the drive, the students responded positively and contributed for the people now living as refugees in their own country.
Vice-Chancellor GC University Lahore Dr Khalid Aftab appreciated the efforts of Advisor Prof Khalid Manzoor Butt and members of the welfare society on their successful fund-raising campaign. The Nation
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