Science in Quran's light
June, 15(Dawn): AL-QURAN, the main source of Islamic faith, is the book believed by its
followers to be completely of divine origin. Muslims also believe that it is for
entire humankind and since the message of the Quran is for all times, it should
be relevant to every age. But the question arises; does the Quran pass this
The Quran challenges mankind to produce the like of it. "And if ye
are in doubt as to what we have revealed from time to time to our servant, then
produce the surah like there unto; and call your witness or helpers (if there
are any) besides Allah. If your doubts are true. But if you cannot, and surely
you cannot, then fear the fire whose fuel is man and stones which is prepared
for those who reject faith" (Al-Quran 2:23-24).
According to famous
physicist, and Nobel Prize winner Albert Einstein, "Science without religion is
lame, religion without science is blind." George Lawairte pointed out in 1931
that if the outward movement of all the galaxies were traced backward, then they
would presumably meet at a single point i.e. singularity. This large blob of
matter known as the "Primeval Atom or Cosmic Egg." He suggested that for some
reasons this giant blob of matter exploded flinging outwards like the bomb. This
marked the creation of the universe. Lawaitre's idea later became known as the
"Big bang theory."
The Quran states in (21:30), "Why don't the
unbelievers realise that the heavens and the earth were refused into the
singularity, and then we parted them."
Later in 1950s, the big bang
theory was first propounded by Rah Alpher, Hans Bethe and George Gosmow. This
fact has been described in the Quran 1400 years ago. Can we still say that it is
not the God's word?
Fourteen hundred years ago neither science was
advanced nor did people have enough knowledge about astronomy. So how can one
come up with such a scientific fact which is still the hypothesis theory in the
21st century? It is only God. It cannot be the word of human being or any
Prophet. The Quran states in (7:67) "For every announcement there is a term, and
ye will come to know."
Science tells us that we have created the single
light system but it is in the process - and they will take time to establish a
Multiple Light System. As we all know our Prophet (P.B.U.H) travelled in Buraq
while going to the far distant place in the speed of light. Buraq is the plural
of Barq meaning light - And our Prophet travelled in the Mulitple Light System
1400 years ago which science established more than 100 years later. Is it not a
Our universe is expanding. The Quran gives the Shadah of it in
(35:1). "All praises are for Allah. The Creater of the spatial strata of the
universe, heavens and the earth. He keeps expanding in his creation what He
wills. Indeed Allah is potent over things." Newton theory could not find out the
reality, even Einstein's in 1915.
It was in fact Alexander Friedman, a
Russian physicist, who gave the assumption of expanding universe in 1922,which
was scientifically discovered by Edwin Hubble in 1929 and finally certified by
Arno Penzias and Robert Willson in 1965 in New Jersey, who were awarded the
Noble Prize in 1978. But it was stated in the Quran 1400 years ago in (51:47).
"And we have built the heaven with might and undoubtedly, we are expanding the
universe vast". It is the undoubtedly a scientific miracle of the
Scientist agree that before galaxies in the universe were formed,
celestial matter was initially in the form of gaseous matter, In short huge
gaseous matter or clouds were present before the formation of the galaxies. The
Quran states: "Moreover, He comprehended in His design the sky, and it had been
It studies the process of birth of human life and the steps
involved in the creation of the foetus. These processes can be divided into two
1. Cellular division
2. Organ formation and getting
Modern science tells us that the beginning of human creation is by
the fertilisation of female ovum with the male spermatozoa resulting in the
formation of a Zygote. The Quran states: "Indeed we created man from a mixed or
mingled fluid." (76:21)
Modern science tells us that this Zygote or
fertilised ovum divide into two and then keep on dividing. The Quran states in
(4:1): "Who created you from a single cell and then created another one from it
to make it a pair and then from those created multitude of men and women."
A verse of the Quran describes the whole process involved in the
creation of foetus. The Quran states in (23: 12-14): "And indeed we created man
from element of dust. Then we put him in a secure place (uterus) in the form of
a cell. Then we made him a being like a hanging nest fixed (in the wall of
uterus). Then, we fashioned him a chewed lump. Then out of chewed lump we made
bones and clothed bones with muscles. Then gradually out of it, we developed
another creative. So blessed is your Lord who is the best of the
When such Quranic verses were placed before Prof. Keeth Moore,
a leading expert in the field of embryology, for his comments, he said he could
say about some verses and it is established. But for another, neither he could
say it was right nor it was wrong. Because it is still established by
Further, he said he believed that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the
Messenger of Allah and this divine book (Quran) is the God's word.
By Muhammad Iqbal
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