Rationalise CSS exam system
Rules for conducting CSS examination must be fair
|Nov 21: The purpose of the Federal Public Service Commission, Government of Pakistan
Islamabad besides selecting the suitable officers in BS/17 for the Civil Service
of Pakistan is also to promote National Integrity by providing equal
opportunities to candidates appearing for the examination from all the
Federating units and Areas. The national integrity demands that the rules for
conducting CSS examination must be fair and apply equally across the board to
all candidates irrespective of their place of origin, language and educational
After 1973 Civil Service reforms, introduced by Mr. Zulfikar Ali
Bhutto to inject equality in opportunity and natural justice a blanket approval
was given in Qualifying Marks for the CSS examination, that any candidate of the
this examination who obtains 25% of the marks in any subject (compulsory &
optional) will be considered passed.
Later on, during Gen. Zia's, regime it
was again decided that any candidate who obtains 33% in any subject (Compulsory
& Optional) would be considered passed as it marked with the education
system in vogue in Pakistan.
During 2003 Gen. Pervez Musharraf's time the
policy of qualifying marks was further changed on the pretext that standard of
education has improved and equal opportunities are available to the candidates
in all the Federating units/Areas, irrespective of their place of origin and
financial background. Moreover, it was also stressed that the standard of the
English language of the CSS Officer is not up to the mark and the qualifying
marks were fixed as under.
According to this rule a candidate to be declared
as qualified/pass must fulfill the following criteria.
Secure at least 40%
marks in compulsory subjects.
Secure at least 33% marks in optional
Secure at least 50% marks in aggregate of all subjects.
at least 100 marks out of 300 marks in viva voce test.
Interestingly, the General Knowledge paper has been assessed collectively i.e. a
candidate requires an aggregate of 120 Marks collectively not individually to
clear in all the three subjects. This perhaps has been done to give the
advantage to Arts candidates. Strangely enough, this principle or philosophy has
not been applied when it comes to the subject of English where a candidate have
to clear both the papers individually by scoring 40% marks in each paper. This
anomaly certainly tilts the equilibrium in favour of candidates with background
in Arts/English literature as compared to Science candidates who have been
concentrating on the concept of the Science subject which is full of vocabulary
rather than on the English grammar.
It is interesting to note that after
obtaining 40% marks in each English paper the candidate would never be subjected
to any test in English throughout his service carrier even in NIPA, Staff
College & NDC, the courses are accomplished on the basis of skills, ability,
experience and art of tackfullness. Moreover, in the developed and developing
countries there is thrust on the quick disposal of business instead of
concentrating and correcting the language/grammar. It would not be out of
question to point out that in Govt. official business the officers remain
haggling in correcting language and punctuations and a single summary takes even
months to reach to the chief executive for orders; the basic cause of
red-tapism. Therefore, the nation needs civil servants for quick disposal of
official business not the status quo oriented baboos.
Keeping in view, the
FPSC discussed the combined qualifying marks of English Essay and English
(Précis & Composition), i.e. 80/200 for competitive examination 2008 and
recommended to the Establishment Division, that the marks of both the papers of
English (Essay) and English (Précis and composition) may be combined and 80/200
marks in aggregate may be treated as qualifying marks for the forthcoming
CSS-2008 onwards, for the following reasons:
(i) Undue heavy emphasis is
being given to English language.
(ii) Base of qualified candidates needs to
be increased for selecting appropriate persons for civil service.
vacancies are piling up every year.
The same procedure is already being followed by the commission for the three
general knowledge compulsory papers i.e. candidates need to get an aggregate of
120/300 to pass in the three papers (Every day science =100, Pak Affairs=1000,
Current Affairs =100 respectively and proposed to amend rules for the removal of
such anomaly between Arts and Science divide. But the baboos in the
Establishment Division instead of supporting the proposal of the FPSC which was
formulated after due diligence and deliberation that proposed to the caretaker
Prime Minister during February, 2008 that for the efficient performance of
official business, the proposal by FPSC may not be accepted. Nobody in the
Establishment Division bothered to analyze/examine the case, that the
recommendations of the FPSC are based on natural justice in order to remove a
serious bungling between two sets of compulsory papers, instead the baboos
changed the track towards deterioration of English standard and the
recommendation of the FPSC was killed in the Prime Minister' Secretariat due to
lack of proper examination and prudent analysis.
The same matter was again
taken up by the Present Prime Minister during September, 2008 in order to remove
the anomaly, but the Establishment Division again without focusing on the issue,
reiterated its old logic which was endorsed by the PM's Secretariat to the Prime
Minister and in this way again the baboos succeeded in sabotaging the
recommendations of the FPSC. Establishment Division further proposed to the
Prime Minister that the result of CSS competitive examination, 2008, has already
been announced, now making any change in the Rules would be treated as
retrospective effect and liable to litigation. It is important to indicate that
Establishment Division and FPSC have included more than 40 seats of OMG (SOs)
retrospectively during October, 2008 after the announcement of the 2009 CSS
result without any fear of litigation/ favouring of selected candidates.
view of the above facts, and for the sake of national justice, national
integration, encouraging intelligent and capable candidates and at the same time
eliminating Arts and Science divide, the Prime Minister must look into to and
candidates who have secured 40% marks in aggregate (80 Marks out of 200 marks)
in English compulsory papers on the analogy of General Knowledge in aggregate
(120 Marks out of 300 Marks) may be declared successful/ pass for the
forthcoming CSS, 2009 onwards.
By Zaheeruddin Babar (The Nation)
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Punjab University declares results
Lahore: Punjab University Examination Department here
Thursday declared the results of MPhil Islamic Studies, Master of Commerce, LLM
(Final), MPhil Solid State Physics, MSc Environmental Sciences, MSc Zoology, MA
Persian, MPhil History leading to PhD, MSc Geography, MSc (Hons) Environmental
Sciences, MSc Space Science, MSc Geography (Replica) and BSc (Hons) in Computer
In MPhil Islamic Studies (Semester System), Session 2005-2007, a total
of 15 candidates appeared and 10 were declared successful while result of one
candidate is later. In Master of Commerce (Semester System), Session 1994-1996,
only one candidate Manzoor Ahmad S/o Ch Khushi Muhammad appeared and got
success. In LLM (Final), Annual Exam 2007, two candidates appeared and both were
declared successful. In MPhil Solid State Physics, Session 2001-2003, only one
candidate Zahid Razzaq Anjum S/o Muhammad Saleem appeared and got success.
MSc Environmental Sciences (Self-Supporting), Semester System, Session
2003-2005, two candidates appeared and both were declared successful. In MSc
Zoology (2-Years Replica Programme), Semester System, Session 2005-2007, a total
of 46 candidates appeared and 43 were declared successful. In MA Persian
(Semester System), Session 2006-2008, a total of 36 candidates appeared and 20
were declared successful.
In MPhil History leading to PhD, Session 2004-2006, a
total of 6 candidates appeared and 4 were declared successful while result of
two candidates is late. In MSc Geography (Morning), 2-Years Programme, Semester
System, Session 2006-2008, a total of 50 candidates appeared and 49 were
declared successful while result of one candidate is late. In MSc (Hons)
Environmental Sciences (Evening), Semester System, Session 2005-2007, a total of
16 candidates appeared and 4 were declared successful while result of 11
candidates is late.
In MSc Space Science (Evening), Semester System, Session
2005-2007, a total of 18 candidates appeared and 9 were declared successful
while result of 5 candidates is late. In MSc Geography (Replica), 2-Years
Programme, Semester System, Session 2006-2008, a total of 40 candidates appeared
and all were declared successful. In MPhil Solid State Physics Session
2006-2008, a total of 23 candidates appeared and 4 were declared successful
while result of 15 candidates is late. F.P. Report
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Book fair at Allama Iqbal Medical College (AIMC)
Lahore: A three-day book fair started at the library of Allama Iqbal
Medical College (AIMC) on Thursday and a large number of medical students and
teachers visited it.
According to a press release, AIMC Principal Prof Dr
Javed Akram, while inaugurating the fair, said that book reading was not only an
avenue of knowledge but also a companion in solitude.
He said book
reading sharpened the personalities of human beings and prepared them to face
challenges in the cutthroat world of competition.
He said those nations
which pursued the knowledge with enthusiasm succeeded.
He said that the
book fair was arranged to entice students to book reading so 30 percent discount
was being offered to them.
He said the common notion that medical
students only read boring scientific books was wrong as a large number of the
students showed their interest in purchasing books of drama, poetry, English
literature, fine arts and fictions. The News
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Punjab University students win 2nd position in APEEC 2008
Lahore: The students of Punjab University Department
of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering has won second position in
Research Paper Competition and Project Competition in the All Pakistan
Electrical Engineering Conference (APEEC) 2008 held at Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Institute of Engineering & Technology (GIKIET). PU team comprising Muhammad
Usman Asad, Asif Raza, Osama Tahir, Muhammad Amar and Asim Iqbal participated in
Research Paper Competition and presented a paper titled 'An Autonomous Robot for
NERC (National Engineering Robotics Contest) 2008' and bagged second position. Ppi
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