Gender relaxation marks for female teachers
Female teachers awarded 20 extra marks as "gender relaxation"
Karachi, Oct 28: Women who passed the tests for various posts of teachers will be
awarded 20 extra marks as "gender relaxation" for the first time in the history
of the education department, Executive District Officer (EDO) Education Ibrahim
The EDO, who has charge of 3,620 schools, including
primary, secondary and higher secondary institutions, where 612,000 students are
being taught, further said that the World Bank (WB) will soon release the
long-awaited funds for the education department.
"I think it will take
another month to get the funds, after which final touches will given to the new
teachers who were recruited via tests which were conducted in July," he
Qambar said the WB had some reservations about the release of
funds, which amounted to Rs7 billion. He said that Sindh Education Minister Pir
Mazharul Haq successfully removed the hurdles in release of the funds during a
visit to New York.
Nine hundred candidates passed the tests for Higher
Secondary Teachers (HST), against the available 300 vacancies; 1,200 candidates
passed the tests for the 850 available posts of Junior School Teachers (JST);
and 2,600 candidates passed the test for 600 available posts of Primary School
Teachers (PST), the EDO siad.
He said that the provincial government will
first verify the files of JST candidates, after which the documents of the
candidates for HST posts would be checked. He said that the files of candidates
for the posts of JST have been completely collected and were currently being
Qambar stated categorically that no fresh appointment of
teachers has been made in any district of the province.
He said it will
take around 20 days to verify the files of the candidates who passed the test
for the posts of HST, and authorities concerned will start issuing appointment
letters to successful candidates after permission from the provincial
He further said that steps were being taken to streamline
affairs at government schools in Karachi where the number of staff exceeds the
number of students.
Qambar said that he had ordered all the district
officers (DO) concerned to submit their report in this regard, and he was
optimistic that the process will be completed in 15 to 20 days.
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BIEK Commerce supple examination forms
Karachi: The Board of Intermediate Education Karachi (BIEK) has announced
that all eligible private candidates of Commerce group for the HSC Supplementary
Examinations-2009 can submit their examination forms and fee in the United Bank,
BIEK branch according to following schedule: Submission of exam forms can be
made from October 29 to November 11 without late fine, after which a late fee of
Rs200 from November 12 to November 18 will be charged. From November 19 to
December 2, a late fee of Rs500 will be charged, and a late fee of Rs1000 from
December 3 to December 9.
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Ammi told me that the Taliban can bomb the school
Karachi: Although schools have been opened after a lapse of one week,
children are mostly tense, fearful and pretty confused as to what is going on in
Despite their tender ages, students of secondary
classes have a better perception about the Taliban and terrorism and have plenty
of opinions regarding this issue.
Shahzeb, 6, a student of Class-II at
Beacon House, Gulistan-e-Jauhar Campus, said that the schools were closed
because there was danger of a bomb blast.
"Ammi (mother) told me that the
Taliban can bomb the school. We had a drill at the school and everyday we are
sent out one by one," he said.
Obviously it's something new for
him that after the school shift comes to an end, children do not move out in
groups but are sent out one at time with the school guard calling out their
names and informing them that their parents have arrived to pick
Shahzeb's elder brother Shehryar, 12, a student of Class-VI at City
School, Gulshan-e-Iqbal Campus, is well aware about the looming threat.
"The schools were closed because the Taliban can strike at the schools.
There is uncertainty in the city that has led to this. There was a suicide
bombing at Islamic University, Islamabad, and there was a threat that something
similar can happen in schools in Karachi as well," he
"Children say that since the Taliban are illiterate,
therefore, they want us to be illiterate too! They also say that elite schools
are more vulnerable," he added as an after thought.
The awareness about
terrorist threat amongst children is very much there despite the fact that
teachers are doing their best to keep their minds and souls free from tension
"We don't talk to the children about any threats or terror
attacks," said Tahira Riasat, a teacher of Class-II at Foundation Public School,
Gulshan-e-Iqbal."However, we are being trained to cope with any
emergency. During our drills, we take the kids out of backdoor staircases within
two minutes," she said.
"If the children ask why they are being taken
out from the backdoor staircases, we tell them there is a traffic jam," she
Meanwhile, psychiatrists say that children need parental guidance
especially when it comes to watching or not watching what is being aired on TV
channels. "Parents should switch off a channel or change it if they are viewing
a terror act and children are sitting with them," said Dr Syed Ali Wasif, a
senior psychiatrist in the city.
"However, adopting an ostrich-like
approach will be equally counter productive as it induces helplessness and more
fear. Ultimately, it transforms into terror psychosis (post traumatic stress
disorder) that is capable of breaking down an individual and the targeted
community," he explained.
Talking about the important steps that need to
be taken, he said that first aid training should be imparted to teachers and
senior school students. "People need to be taught not to panic because it will
generate anxiety, impair attention, concentration and hamper cognitive
functioning and decision-making," he added.
There are tens of thousands
of schools in Karachi catering to the needs of every strata of society but all
children are equally prone to continuous visual bombardment of gory news by the
"Despite the fact that children play war games in their
leisure time, their personality is damaged when they view grotesque incidents of
terrorism on their TV screens," Dr Wasif said. The news
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Teaching hospitals lack mammography facilities
Karachi: No government-run teaching hospital in rural Sindh has got the
facility of mammography, to help detect breast cancer, which is rising with an
alarming rate in women of both rural and urban areas. A few government teaching
hospitals in Karachi have got the mammography facility and rural patients have
to incur heavy expenses to travel and stay in Karachi to get their disease
detected and treated.
Various medical studies have indicated that cases of
breast cancer among women and young girls in the country are on the rise and if
this issue were not tackled on war-footing basis, the situation might go out of
control in near future.
Special Secretary Public Health, Government of Sindh,
Dr Captain (retd) Abdul Majid, when contacted said the government is trying its
best to provide healthcare facilities to citizens in both rural and urban areas.
He said breast cancer is a serious issue and Sindh health department is working
on a plan to train medical staff in this regard so that free of cost mammography
facilities could be provided in all teaching hospitals of the Sindh.
that the machines used in mammography tests to detect breast cancer are costly
and the government is trying to buy more machines for this purpose. He said
presently the facility of mammography is present in a few government-run
hospitals of Karachi, while efforts are being made to provide this facility to
all other teaching hospitals.
It may be noted that major teaching hospitals
of rural Sindh are affiliated to Liaquat Medical College Jamshro, Peoples
Medical College Nawabshah, Ghulam Muhammad Mahar Medical College Sukkur and
Chandka Medical College Larkana. These hospitals badly need mammography testing
facilities to detect breast cancer. In past the government had announced to
upgrade all district headquarters hospitals as teaching hospitals; however, like
other numerous decisions and announcements the upgrading of district hospitals
still awaits implementation. Women, almost 50percent of total population could
be greatly facilitated if mammography facilities provided in the district
Dr Shaista Masood Khan, consultant surgeon at Aga
Khan Hospital Karachi said that 35 percent of the all cancer cases
registered in the country belong to breast cancer. She said not all breast
cancer cases are registered with hospitals, and the actual number of such cases
might be much higher.
The reasons behind breast cancer could be genetic and
hereditary in nature. Late marriages of girls may also cause breast cancer. She
said there in no dedicated medical centre is the country to help controlling the
increasing cases of breast cancer or where people from poor families could also
be examined and treated.
She said that WHO has informed all developing countries to tackle with breast
cancer seriously, otherwise there are strong chances that prevalence of breast
cancer could be doubled by 2020.
Breast consultant surgeon at Liaquat
National Hospital Dr Rufina Soomro informed that exact reasons behind the rising
rate of breast cancer could not be ascertained as yet; however, women having
history of this disease in their family are highly vulnerable to it.
women not breast-feeding their babies could also at high risk.
emphasised that every women should go for self-examination of breasts in order
to detect any abnormal change in them. She said if any change, growth and lump
is found in breasts, a qualified medical practitioner should be contacted
without further loss of time. The government should establish Mammography
centres in hospitals, especially in rural areas, so that women could be checked
by qualified doctors in case of any problem Many liberate and poor women do
not know about the breast cancer, so a robust awareness compliant should be
launched through mass media, Dr Rufina suggested.
She said that some 500
breast cancer cases are registered in Liaquat National Hospital every year. The
majority of patients visit the hospital when the disease is in final and
critical condition and cancer already spread in whole body. She said as per
reports every year 40, 000 women die of breast cancer all over the world Dr
Rufina said mortality rate of breast cancer is higher in Pakistan as compared to
other parts of the world, because in out country there are no proper diagnostic
and cure centers of breast cancer.
She said though the facility of
mammography is available in a few big hospitals of the country, but the vast
rural area lacked this facility. She urged the government to open free breast
clinics in all major towns of the country in order to facilitate the poor women.
In-charge Cancer Ward of the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) Dr
Ahmed Usman said a through and sophisticated research on increasing rate of
breast cancer was yet to be done in Pakistan. He said the JPMC register some
200-cancer cases every week, including some 40 breast cancer cases. He said all
the cancer patients are treated free of cost at the JPMC.
Dr Usman showed
deep concern over the rapid increase in breast cancer among the young women. He
said that awareness should be created among the people regarding this disease so
that to control it.
In-charge Cancer Ward at the Civil Hospital Karachi
(CHK) Dr Noor Soomro said that 36 percent of breast cancer cases are found in
young girls and women, which is a matter of great concern. He said that majority
of women suffering from this disease try to hide their ailment till it is too
He mentioned that the CHK is the first hospital of the province which
is working under public-private partnership, where medicine and other facilities
are provided free of cost to the patients, in collaboration with Pakistan Cancer
Patients Welfare Society.
He said that about 800 to 900 cancer patients visit
the CHK annually, besides 13000-16000 follow-up cases. He said ratio of breast
cancer in males is one percent as compared to 42pc prevalence in
Late marriage, early periods and other genetic reasons could be
behind this disease, he said adding; however, patients should consult medical
expert as soon as possible.
Senior family physician at Sindh Government
Services Hospital, Dr Akhtiar A Sheikh said that breast cancer is the second
most dangerous disease among the women and thousands of women die annually of it
He said if diagnosed in early stages, the breast cancer could be
easily treated. He said women should immediately consult a doctor in case of any
knot or lump or change of color and texture on either breast.
Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) Dr Aziz Khan Tank showed deep concern over
the increase in reported cases of breast cancer in Pakistan. He said that
thousands of mothers in Pakistan don't breast-feed their children. He said it is
a proved fact that breast-feeding mothers are less prone to the breast cancer.
He told that women and girls should immediately consult physician in case of
any symptoms of the disease. He was with the view that there is less awareness
among the people regarding the breast cancer.
He said treatment of breast
cancer is very costly in Pakistan. He said about 50percent population of
Pakistan live beneath the poverty line. He said families of millions of poor
women suffering from breast cancer could not afford treatment in costly private
Dr Tank said the PMA has repeatedly demanded the government to
provide the facility of mammography in all the district hospitals of the country
to facilitate the poor masses. The nation
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Role of occupational therapy highlighted at Dow seminar
Karachi: Occupational Therapy is a healthcare profession which provides
services to people whose ability of everyday functions is disrupted by some
disability, developmental problems, aging process, mental illness or emotional
This was stated by Dr Nabeela Soomro, Director, Institute of
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Dow University of Health Sciences
(DUHS), while speaking at a seminar held at the Dow Medical College, here on
The seminar was organised by the Institute of Physical Medicine
and Rehabilitation, DUHS, to mark the "WFOT International Occupational Therapy
Day" and was held at the Arag Auditorium, Dow Medical College. The theme of the
seminar was "Difference between life and living".
Dr Soomro said that
occupational therapists assisted in daily living activities at home like
feeding, grooming, bathing, toilet, in return for work and resuming community
activities. "It becomes important to refer children to an occupational therapist
as soon as it is evident that they have or are at risk of developing limitations
in their development or independent functioning," she added.
Kamran, through her presentation "Community-Based Rehabilitation" revealed that
the prevalence of disabilities in developing and industrialised countries ranged
between 7 and 10 percent.
She said that Occupational Therapy had the
potential to contribute significantly to the prevention and management of
childhood disability in Pakistan. It is estimated that more 100 million people
with disabilities could benefit from rehabilitation services.
speaking on "Role of Occupational Therapy in Stroke" informed the gathering that
the stroke rehabilitation is a process by which a stroke survivor goes through
motions with a team of healthcare providers with the aim of regaining functions
lost as much as possible after a stroke.
Mariam Bilal said that
occupational therapy was a treatment that focused on helping cerebral palsy
patients achieve independence in all areas of their lives. "Occupational therapy
for cerebral palsy patients could provide them with positive, fun activities to
enhance their cognitive, physical, and fine motor skills and increase their
self-esteem and sense of accomplishment. The goal of occupational therapy for
cerebral palsy patients is to help them live as independently as possible," she
added. The news
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