Security arrangements at Karachi university

Strict security measures ordered at Karachi university
Karachi, Oct 28:The Vice Chancellor of Karachi University (KU) has directed all the teachers, students and employees to extend full cooperation to the security staff deputed at various points of the campus in view of the threats to the educational institutions. As per directives, no one will be allowed to enter the campus without proper identification document. Guests visiting the university have been advised to provide necessary information prior to the campus office about their visit to the varsity. Campus Security Officer has asked all the students, teachers and employees to inform nearest security staff in varsity premises if they see any strange person or unusual activity so as to prevent any untoward incident.

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KU admissions against Reserved Seats
Karachi: Registrar, University of Karachi (KU) has announced that the Application Forms for admissions against Reserved Seats are available from the Office of the Deputy Registrar (Academic), First Floor, Administration Block, University of Karachi on payment of Rs.500/- from 10am to 1pm (Friday till 12 noon) for Bachelor of Studies (BS) First /Third Year/ Masters and Pharm-D from October 28, 2009 to November 7, 2009. The applicants are directed to apply on Open Merit as well. They will have to apply and appear in the Aptitude Test where necessary/applicable.

The Controller of Examinations, KU, has announced that the BSc (Pass) First and Second Year's Supplementary Practical Examinations-2008 of Physics will be conducted at the Department of Physics, University of Karachi on November 2, 3 & 4, 2009 at 9am. Concerned candidates are advised to contact the Chairman, Department of Physics, University of Karachi, to appear in their respected practical along with Original Admit Cards and NIC etc.

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SSUET BS Degree Course
Karachi: Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology (SSUET) have informed the prospective students that those who have the combination of Physics, Chemistry and Biology in Intermediate Science are also eligible to apply for BS Degree Course in Bio-medical Engineering. It may be recalled that as per previous policy, only candidates from the Intermediate Science (Pre-Engineering group) were admitted in the four year degree Course in Bio-medical Engineering.

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FUUAST announced BS M.Phil results
Karachi: Federal Urdu University of Arts Science and Technology (FUUAST) has announced the results of BS (Physics) Morning Batch 2006 and M.Phil (Leading to PHD) Environmental Sciences, Semester II Batch 2008 here on Tuesday. The news

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Examination system to be made credible
Karachi: Describing cheating in examinations as the root cause of deteriorating education standards, Sindh Education Minister Pir Mazhar-ul-Haq on Tuesday sought private schools' cooperation to bring an end to the use of unfair means in exams.

Talking to representatives of the All-Private Schools Management Association, Sindh, the minister said that although the governor in his capacity as controlling authority of education boards of the province had taken several steps to discourage cheating in exams, much more had to be done to ensure the credibility of examination system.

The minister said the issue was discussed with the governor during a recent meeting. He said only government schoolteachers were included in invigilation teams of education boards during exams, but it was pointed out that a number of outsiders were being assigned the task.

He said he would soon meet the governor again to discuss the issues related to examinations conducted by different education boards.

Earlier, APSMA chairman Khalid Shah, other office-bearers and the minister discussed the issues faced by private schools in the city. Senior officials of the provincial education department and provincial directorate of private educational institutions were also present.

At the outset, the minister asked the provincial directorate of private educational institutions to help resolve the issues being faced by the management of private schools in consultation with the APSMA.-Staff Reporter . Dawn

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OUP released list of new reads
Karachi: Oxford University Press has come out with a good number of interesting political reads. Amongst the four books, the most interesting read is, 'Between Dreams and Realities--Some Milestones in Pakistan's History' by the renowned civil servant of Pakistan, Sartaj Aziz. The book contains an illuminating record of the milestones and turning points in Pakistan's political history. It explores the basic causes of the failure of democracy in Pakistan and tries to demonstrate that only a genuine democratic dispensation, not military rule with a civilian facade can ensure its survival as a viable federation.

Another good read, is 'Pan-Islam in British India--The Politics of the Khilafat Movement 1918-1924' by Naeem Qureshi. The writer provides a new perspective on the origins and development of pan-Islam in British India. He highlights the links between pan-Islam and nationalist movements in the 19th and 20th Centuries. The author unfolds a tale of how the pan-Islamic appeal was mobilised for political gains in the broader context of the British policy towards Turkey and India.

Another wonderful read is 'Comparing Cities--The Middle East and South Asia' edited by Kamran Asdar Ali and Martina Rieker. This is a collection of conflict, creativity and politics at work in the continuous reshaping of urban life and the use of cities to constitute new forms of engagement and interchange among regions across the global south. 'The Ismailis in the Middle Ages--A history of survival, a search for salvation' by Shafique Virani. The nation

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Scholars highlight marsia's status in Urdu literature
Karachi: Scholars highlighted the finer points of marsia writing and its elevated position in Urdu literature at a seminar titled 'Marsia aur adab-i-aali', organised by the Urdu department of Karachi University in its arts auditorium on Tuesday.

Former chairman of the Urdu department Dr Waqar Ahmed Rizvi presided over the event.

The seminar began with the welcome address by the current chairman of the Urdu department, Dr Zafar Iqbal, to the participants and audience of the programme. Introducing the seminar's topic, he said marsia-writing was an important part of Urdu literature.

Dr Iqbal said that since Lucknow's culture was no longer in vogue, modern linguistic trends must be kept in mind while writing marsias. He said that non-serious criticism of marsia-writing was another matter that needed to be looked into.

Dr Taqi Abidi, who is settled in Canada, was the keynote speaker. His impassioned talk kept the audience glued to their seats. Dr Abidi spoke at length on the subject and quoted many a couplet and stanza from Mir Anees and Mirza Dabeer, eliciting applause from the audience.

Tracing the history of elegiac verse, Dr Abidi said Sohrab's mother wrote a marsia after her son was murdered; Amir Khusrau composed one on Multan's destruction; Umrao Qais dabbled in it too. All of this indicated that there was a rich tradition available to us.

He said in Urdu literature marsia revolves around the tragedy of Karbala. He lamented that this form of writing had not been given its due status, and told the audience that Mir Taqi Mir wrote more than 34 marsias, and Mir Anees over 213.

Dr Abidi said marsia-writing contained many essential elements of nearly all poetic genres it had ghazal's sonority, masnavi's flow and even certain elements of an epic poem. He severely criticised those who never took such poetry with the seriousness it deserved.

In this regard, Dr Abidi quoted Altaf Husain Hali's Muqaddama-i-Sher-o-Shaeri in which the author had attached great importance to the genre. This made him pose a question: "Why haven't experts on the subject followed that line and why haven't institutions done enough to undertake research on the topic?"

Dr Abidi claimed that Mir Anees and Mirza Dabeer had used more words in Urdu poetry than any other poet. He said Nazir Akbarabadi had written 8,500 couplets, whereas Dabeer's tally was 120,000, and Anees's 86,000.

Dr Abidi educated the students present in the auditorium on the poetic tools employed in poetry, and praised Anees and Dabeer's remarkable use of metaphors and similes.

He talked about one of Dabeer's marsias in which the poet had come up with seven metaphoric arrangements, without making them clash with one another. He said it was disheartening to know that marsia-writing was associated with only one religious order, and added that since the genre had been ignored by scholars, the institution of Imambargah had kept it alive.

Dr Abidi also spoke on the moral lessons marsia embodied, which was why its message was relevant in modern times and would remain relevant for all times to come.

Dr sahib was unhappy with Shibli Nomani's thesis Muwazna-i-Anees-o-Dabeer, saying Shibli had done grave injustice to Dabeer in it.Dr Shamsuddin, dean of the arts faculty, thanked the scholars and students who had gathered to take part in the seminar.

Dr Shabihul Hasan's paper was read out by the Urdu department's teacher Rahat Afshan because he could not make it to the seminar. The essay pivoted around the high moral values spread through marsia-writing. The genre originated in the subcontinent, and once Lucknow was the hub of all cultural activities in India. Then times changed, and so did literary trends.

Anees and Dabeer belonged to the Lucknow tradition. The 20th century saw the disintegration of society, and uncertainty was rife in every sphere of life. It also had its effect on literature. The marsia writers who came after Anees and Dabeer helped connect poetry to society rather than individuals. Iqbal, Safi Lucknavi, Ali Sardar Jaffery, Josh Malihabadi and Jamil Mazhari brought into the genre the issues that concerned them; Naseem Amrohvi experimented with its structure. And contemporary marsia writers brought forth political and social issues.

Dr Hilal Naqvi's paper carried profundity that everybody sensed and learned from.

He said the history of mankind was full of gory incidents. Writers tried and expressed it in their own way, but very seldom truth was represented the way it should.

He also lamented that marsia-writing had been limited to only one section of society. He said when the young ones studied it, they moved away from the genre because it was portrayed as the kind of poetry in which dead people were discussed, while ghazal was defined as conversing with a (beloved) woman and qasida was known as a poetic piece written in praise of somebody.

Dr Naqvi asked why the culture of keeping one's head high in the face of adversity was not encouraged in our society. He said man's relation with other men, with the universe and with God was the basis of marsia.

He illustrated the point by saying that today cloning, computers and nuclear technology dazzled our eyes. Man was being de-linked from civilisation and culture, and his mind was getting increasingly wayward. People were being killed in the name of religion. In such a situation marsia-writing could help mitigate the problem.

Speaking on the subject Prof Sahar Ansari said marsia had all the attributes of sublime or great literature. Karbala was a bouquet of metaphors, so much so that it had now become a metaphor itself.

He claimed that Urdu marsia had originated from Urdu poetry. He said the tussle between good and evil existed from the very beginning. Just like thesis and antithesis resulted in synthesis, Karbala too was a synthesis. He praised Mir Anees and Mirza Dabeer's intelligent use of words and said marsia-writing contained elements of epic poetry.

After the papers were read, a question-answer session was held in which Urdu department students put quite a few questions, mainly to Dr Taqi Abidi. Dawn

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