Nobel Prize 2009 awarded to Communication pioneers
Stockholm, Oct 7: A pioneer in fibre optics and two scientists who figured out how to turn light into electronic signals - work that paved the way for the Internet age - were awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize for physics on Tuesday.
Charles Kao, a Shanghai-born British-American, won half the 10 million Swedish crown ($1.4 million) prize for a discovery that led to a breakthrough in fibre optics, determining how to transmit light over long distances via optical glass fibres.
Willard Boyle, a Canadian-American, and George Smith of the United States shared the other half for inventing the first successful imaging technology using a digital sensor.
"This year's Nobel prize in physics is awarded for two scientific achievements that have helped to shape the foundaCharles Kaotions of today's networked societies," the award-winning committee said in a statement.
Their achievements have allowed vast amounts of information to be sent around the globe almost instantaneously, as trilGeorge Smith.-Reuters
lions of signals make their way through tiny glass fibres now long enough to encircle the planet more than 25,000 times.
Boyle, raised over the phone to address a news conference at the Nobel committee in the Swedish capital, sounded dazed.
"I have not had my morning cup of coffee yet, so I am feeling a little bit not quite with it all. But I have this lovely feeling all over my body, like 'Wow, this is really quite exciting, but is it real?'" he said.
The Nobel prizes are given annually for achievements in chemistry, physics, medicine, peace, literature and economics. They were first awarded in 1901 in accordance with the 1895 will of Swedish millionaire Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite.
Robert Kirby-Harris, head of Britain's Institute of Physics, said nothing better symbolised the information age than the Internet and digital cameras. DawnYour Comments
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Government raised question over delay in issuing UK visas
Islamabad: The issue of visas and the current backlog at the British High Commission, where thousands of passports lie, dominated talks during the visit of the UK home and defence secretaries. Both President Zardari and Prime Minister Gilani raised the question of visa policy during their separate meetings with the delegation. To his credit, the home secretary in fact made an apology over the inconvenience to visa applicants – though he stopped short of saying what his government intended to do or if Prime Minister Gilani's call for processing of applications to be resumed in Islamabad rather than in Abu Dhabi was to be taken heed of. It is rare for matters such as visas to be taken up at so high a level. Members of our own government indeed so often seek favours from embassies and high commissions that they prefer not to raise less pleasant matters with them. The fate of ordinary citizens is of course rarely a concern for ministers, advisors or bureaucrats. But this time round, the whole issue has become too big to ignore. On top of that, visas had, the grapevine says, been denied to people in important places, leaving our Foreign Office rather red in the face.
Even as the British ministers visited Islamabad, hundreds of Pakistani students waited desperately for visas. Some faced the loss of places at universities where they had obtained admission, with terms in the UK having started last month. As things stand at the moment – many visas remain unprocessed even after months. Business people and others have found themselves virtually trapped, unable to move without their passports. Even passport retrieval can take weeks. Some passports, it is said, have been lost. In such a situation, the chances of student visas being processed in under a month were always remote.
The British government must put in place measures to prevent students suffering any further. As the prime minster and the president pointed out, grave damage to the British image has already been caused. In addition, the secretaries who will now have a clearer picture of the anguish caused by the visa crisis must inquire into what criteria their staff in Abu Dhabi is using to approve applications. People who have travelled many times over decades – and duly returned home – are being refused. They include professionals, academicians, musicians and writers. Something quite obviously has gone very badly askew with visa policy. Urgent rectification is needed.
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AIOU Library Week
Islamabad: Vice chancellor of Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), Dr Mahmood-ul-Hassan Butt has said that Central Library of the University has been enlisted as one of the few most excellent libraries around the country due to the extraordinary efforts made during the last four years.
Presiding over the inaugural ceremony of 'Library Week' here at the University campus today, the Vice Chancellor said that according to the available capacity more constructive work would begin soon. He opined that the Holy Book 'Quran' descended on our beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) and first, word of the Holy Quran is 'Paper and Pen' all these winks of the realities that it is the responsibility of each the Muslim to gather the knowledge and spread it for formation of the well-being society.
The vice chancellor said that the most big library around the world was established in 'Madrasa Nizamia' Baghdad in which there were available not only Islamic Books but were the stocks of the knowledge of the whole world. Madrasa Nizamia, Baghdad have an award of Re-birth of knowledge by gathering the declined and forgotten knowledge of the European and made its contemporary translation due to which European have entered in the new era of progressing. Dr Mahmood-ul-Hassan also said that important and necessary editions of Islamic books composed by hand are available in Central Library of Tashkent. He said that in the present era 'Library of Congress' set up in America is the biggest Library around the world.
American Conciliate and Embassies around the country have to buy two copies of each the book publishes from every nook and corner around the world and bound to provide these to Library of Congress.
The Library was started its functioning from the personal library of an Ex-American President and knowledge lover, Thomas Jefferson.
On this occasion, Professor Dr. Ali Asghar Cheshti, dean, Faculty of Arabic and Islamic Studies said that the Muslim history is so brilliant with the reference of discovery of knowledge and its spreading, examples are the Madrasa Nizamia Baghdad and madrasa Nizamia, Nishapur. He said that unfortunately the conquerors ruined that treasury of knowledge after falling off Baghdad and its million of books were thrown in the river of Dajla due to which the water of river was turned into black.
In his address, Shah Farrukh, Librarian said that the aim of the Library Week is to enhance awareness on the Library resources, services and facilities and promote reading culture and library use.
The Central Library of the Allama Iqbal Open University is celebrating 'Library Week' till October 10. The theme of the Library Week is 'Know Your Library'. The Library staff members will be available to the Library users and visitors and assist the users in locating and using the library resources. The news
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