Nobel Prize 2009 for Physics
Nobel Prize 2009 awarded to Communication pioneers
Stockholm, Oct 7: A pioneer in fibre optics and two scientists who
figured out how to turn light into electronic signals - work that paved
the way for the Internet age - were awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize for
physics on Tuesday.
Charles Kao, a Shanghai-born
British-American, won half the 10 million Swedish crown ($1.4 million)
prize for a discovery that led to a breakthrough in fibre optics,
determining how to transmit light over long distances via optical glass
Willard Boyle, a Canadian-American, and George Smith
of the United States shared the other half for inventing the first
successful imaging technology using a digital sensor.
"This year's Nobel
prize in physics is awarded for two scientific achievements that have helped to
shape the foundaCharles Kaotions of today's networked societies," the
award-winning committee said in a statement.
Their achievements have allowed vast amounts of information to be sent
around the globe almost instantaneously, as trilGeorge Smith.-Reuters
of signals make their way through tiny glass fibres now long enough to encircle the
planet more than 25,000 times.
Boyle, raised over the phone to address a
news conference at the Nobel committee in the Swedish capital, sounded dazed.
"I have not had my morning cup of coffee yet, so I am feeling a little
bit not quite with it all. But I have this lovely feeling all over my
body, like 'Wow, this is really quite exciting, but is it real?'" he
The Nobel prizes are given annually for achievements in
chemistry, physics, medicine, peace, literature and economics. They
were first awarded in 1901 in accordance with the 1895 will of Swedish
millionaire Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite.
Kirby-Harris, head of Britain's Institute of Physics, said nothing
better symbolised the information age than the Internet and digital
"nice Nobel prize for physics .i hope the next one is come to our homeland like dr.AbdulSalam in physics"
City, Country: lahore, Pakistan
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Government raised question over delay in issuing UK visas
Islamabad: The issue of visas and the current backlog at the British High
Commission, where thousands of passports lie, dominated talks during
the visit of the UK home and defence secretaries. Both President
Zardari and Prime Minister Gilani raised the question of visa policy
during their separate meetings with the delegation. To his credit, the
home secretary in fact made an apology over the inconvenience to visa
applicants – though he stopped short of saying what his government
intended to do or if Prime Minister Gilani's call for processing of
applications to be resumed in Islamabad rather than in Abu Dhabi was to
be taken heed of. It is rare for matters such as visas to be taken up
at so high a level. Members of our own government indeed so often seek
favours from embassies and high commissions that they prefer not to
raise less pleasant matters with them. The fate of ordinary citizens is
of course rarely a concern for ministers, advisors or bureaucrats. But
this time round, the whole issue has become too big to ignore. On top
of that, visas had, the grapevine says, been denied to people in
important places, leaving our Foreign Office rather red in the face.
as the British ministers visited Islamabad, hundreds of Pakistani
students waited desperately for visas. Some faced the loss of places at
universities where they had obtained admission, with terms in the UK
having started last month. As things stand at the moment – many visas
remain unprocessed even after months. Business people and others have
found themselves virtually trapped, unable to move without their
passports. Even passport retrieval can take weeks. Some passports, it
is said, have been lost. In such a situation, the chances of student
visas being processed in under a month were always remote.
government must put in place measures to prevent students suffering any
further. As the prime minster and the president pointed out, grave
damage to the British image has already been caused. In addition, the
secretaries who will now have a clearer picture of the anguish caused
by the visa crisis must inquire into what criteria their staff in Abu
Dhabi is using to approve applications. People who have travelled many
times over decades – and duly returned home – are being refused. They
include professionals, academicians, musicians and writers. Something
quite obviously has gone very badly askew with visa policy. Urgent
rectification is needed.
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AIOU Library Week
Islamabad: Vice chancellor of Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), Dr
Mahmood-ul-Hassan Butt has said that Central Library of the University
has been enlisted as one of the few most excellent libraries around the
country due to the extraordinary efforts made during the last four
Presiding over the inaugural ceremony of 'Library Week'
here at the University campus today, the Vice Chancellor said that
according to the available capacity more constructive work would begin
soon. He opined that the Holy Book 'Quran' descended on our beloved
Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) and first, word of the Holy Quran is
'Paper and Pen' all these winks of the realities that it is the
responsibility of each the Muslim to gather the knowledge and spread it
for formation of the well-being society.
The vice chancellor
said that the most big library around the world was established in
'Madrasa Nizamia' Baghdad in which there were available not only
Islamic Books but were the stocks of the knowledge of the whole world.
Madrasa Nizamia, Baghdad have an award of Re-birth of knowledge by
gathering the declined and forgotten knowledge of the European and made
its contemporary translation due to which European have entered in the
new era of progressing. Dr Mahmood-ul-Hassan also said that important
and necessary editions of Islamic books composed by hand are available
in Central Library of Tashkent. He said that in the present era
'Library of Congress' set up in America is the biggest Library around
American Conciliate and Embassies around the country
have to buy two copies of each the book publishes from every nook and
corner around the world and bound to provide these to Library of
The Library was started its functioning from the
personal library of an Ex-American President and knowledge lover,
On this occasion, Professor Dr. Ali Asghar
Cheshti, dean, Faculty of Arabic and Islamic Studies said that the
Muslim history is so brilliant with the reference of discovery of
knowledge and its spreading, examples are the Madrasa Nizamia Baghdad
and madrasa Nizamia, Nishapur. He said that unfortunately the
conquerors ruined that treasury of knowledge after falling off Baghdad
and its million of books were thrown in the river of Dajla due to which
the water of river was turned into black.
In his address, Shah
Farrukh, Librarian said that the aim of the Library Week is to enhance
awareness on the Library resources, services and facilities and promote
reading culture and library use.
The Central Library of the
Allama Iqbal Open University is celebrating 'Library Week' till October
10. The theme of the Library Week is 'Know Your Library'. The Library
staff members will be available to the Library users and visitors and
assist the users in locating and using the library resources. The news
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