PU postgraduate courses, lowest fee in the world

Postgraduate courses fee of PU lowest in the world
Lahore, Sep 18: Punjab University, the oldest seat of learning, has emerged as the leading public university having maximum number of faculties and disciplines with lowest fee for postgraduate and under graduate courses. Vice Chancellor, PU University, Dr.Mujahid Kamran in an interview on Tuesday, said that a record number of new teaching departments,new programs at master's level and disciplines at bachelor's level have been introduced. He said during current academic session which commenced yesterday a total of 4909 students were given admission to various BA.BSc and MA,MSc courses on merit. Regarding the non acceptance of website down loaded admission forms by majority of the teaching departments, he said that some important decisions will be taken well in time during the next academic session for uniform policy in all teaching departments.

Punjab University re-structured several faculties of various teaching departments, raised new constituent colleges, inducted teachers on merit and colleges were affiliated. The number of students increased manifold with highest ever strength in the country. Mujahid Kamran said that in view of high academic performance of PU, Higher Education Commission has allocated adequate funds for the promotion of quality education. VC claimed that despite high standard of education PU charges lowest semester fee not only in the country but also in the world, ranging from Rs 3,265 to 8,987 for post-graduate programmes. Total members of the faculties and number of students in PU in all teaching disciplines are also higher than all other universities across the country. He said science students of PU always compete with foreign students in certain areas of specialization.

Mujahid Kamran said that decades old syllabi and courses were revised and updated to meet future challenges. He said not a single student was admitted out of merit. In this context he said not a single selection or admission has so far been challenged anywhere in the country. "Punjab University has a unique privilege to be the only educational institution in the country which is imparting knowledge to students in all disciplines ranging from social science, humanities, science, computer, law and foreign languages, including Hindi and French". F.P. Report

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Closing the book on homework?
If your child comes home night after night with a backpack full of schoolwork, should you just accept that doing three or four hours of homework is part of getting a good education? Not necessarily, say some educators who are rethinking the value of one of America's educational icons.

The school board in Piscataway, N.J., decided to cut back on the amount of homework assigned to its 7,000 students, in part because of the stress on students and their parents who have to help their children with school assignments. The board felt that some students were either getting too much after-school work or being graded for homework that they tried completing but could not understand.

Although Americans strongly believe that more homework is better, there is little evidence to support this. Students have interests and responsibilities that are as important as school, such as participating in sports, scouts and other activities, working part-time, cooking meals and watching younger siblings.

Homework also can be a problem for students who don't have space, a computer, educational material or adults at home who can help with their assignments. One study found that homework is very stressful for low-income families.

How much is too much?

The U.S. Department of Education (DOE) says homework helps students when the assignments are meaningful, completed properly and returned with comments from the teacher. Secondary students who do more homework score better on standardized tests and earn better grades than students who do less homework.

The DOE suggests that daily homework assignments last up to 20 minutes for grades kindergarten to three, 20 to 40 minutes for grades four to six; up to two hours for students in grades seven to nine; and up to two and a half hours for grades 10 to 12.

However, another study found that 6- to 8-year-old children spent an average of two hours a day on homework compared with 44 minutes in 1981. That trend is being reversed in Piscataway where homework has been reduced by an hour or more for students. Teachers no longer grade homework and are discouraged from assigning homework on weekends and holidays.

One expert is against assigning homework to elementary school students and suggests that school districts adopt a 40-hour-a-week academic schedule for high school students. In this new model, a typical district would hold classes for six hours then provide computers, teacher availability and other resources for students to work independently on projects for another two hours each week day.

Carrying fewer books home can also be a healthy change for students who are used to lugging books, athletic equipment and other items in their backpacks. Children who carry backpacks the wrong way can develop chronic back and neck problems later in life. Your child's backpack should weigh no more than 5 percent to 10 percent of body weight. Recently, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons warned about the health risks caused by heavy backpacks and reported finding a 10-year-old girl who was carrying a 47-pound backpack.

What can parents do?

If you believe your school needs to limit homework, talk to your child's teachers and other parents and address the school superintendent and school board if necessary. Push for other reforms as well, such as a 40-hour school week for older students and smaller class sizes for elementary school students.

Homework tips

The DOE suggests these ideas for helping your child complete homework assignments:

* Provide a desk, table or clean writing surface, and be sure there is good lighting and materials to do the assignment.

* Set a regular time every day for your child to do homework.

* Create a quiet study area without distractions (no loud music or television).

* Monitor assignments and provide guidance. Review the work before your child starts and again after it is finished.

* Don't do the work yourself. Help your child learn how to do it.

* Talk to teachers when problems arise.

Learning Disabilities in the School-Aged Child: Even before their babies are born, parents begin shaping their hopes and aspirations for their children. Facing the fact that your child may have a learning disability (LD) and might not reach his or her full potential can be a heart-wrenching experience.

Parents might feel guilty, assuming they have caused the problem. Other parents deny the problem exists or might wrongly blame the teacher or school. However, a learning disorder's causes are unclear.

These initial reactions are normal, and often the first step in finding the best ways to help your child succeed.


According to the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD), between 10 percent and 15 percent of the overall U.S. population has some form of LD. LDs affect about 5 percent of all children enrolled in public schools, according to the U.S. Department of Education.


LD is a broad term applied to children who have a wide range of characteristics, including problems with reading, spoken and written language, difficulty with arithmetic, reasoning or organizational skills. Other traits include unpredictable or uneven test performance, perceptual impairments, motor problems and behaviors such as impulsiveness, poor attention span and difficulty in social situations.

Causes of LD

Researchers remain uncertain of what causes LDs. One leading theory is that LDs result from subtle disturbances in the brain structure and function. The brain somehow short-circuits so that information cannot flow in a normal pattern.

Other evidence suggests LDs may have a hereditary pattern. Some research shows a correlation between parents with LDs and children with similar problems. However, many families of learning disabled children have no history of learning problems.

Environmental factors may play a role. Maternal drug and alcohol use during pregnancy can contribute to the disorders. Also, lead poisoning, poor nutrition and low birth weight may play a part.

Although much information is needed to determine the exact causes of LDs, what is known is that affected children are intelligent, may perform well in music, sports and the arts, and they may possess strong leadership skills. Early intervention is key to helping your child successfully meet the challenges that lie ahead in school.

Common characteristics associated with LD

Parents are a child's first and best teachers, and they are often the ones to identify the early signs of LDs. Although there is no typical profile of an affected child, some common characteristics include:

Preschool children

* Speaks later than most children

* Has problems with pronunciation when he or she does begin to speak

* Develops a vocabulary very slowly; may have trouble finding the correct word

* Shows difficulty learning the alphabet, counting, recognizing colors, naming the days of the week

* Easily becomes distracted, is very restless, has trouble following directions

* Slow to develop fine motor skills

Kindergarten to fourth grade

* Has difficulty learning the connection between letters and sounds

* Often confuses basic words

* Makes consistent spelling and reading errors, reverses, inverts or transposes letters often

* Transposes number sequences and confuses math signs

* Has trouble remembering facts and learning new skills

* Shows difficulty holding or gripping a pencil. The News

Your Comments
"i totally agree with this i mean i get 2hrs of maths work which for the sir is never enough who always forces all to drop maths or tells him he is sure we will all fail later an hour of homework for the rest of the three subject that makes 5hrs later comes the learning of the lessons of about 1.5 to 2 hour that makes 6hrs of work in home out of 24hours 6hrs gone here 7 in college 9 in sleep 1 in eating or waking up from sleep and adjusting to study that makes 23hrs later the other house activites still remain taking bath going out to get stuff for cooking or something else no time to relax in the tight time table."
Name: Badr
Email: dead_man_walking_13@hotmail.com
City, Country: Lahore, Pakistan

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