PU postgraduate courses, lowest fee in the world
Postgraduate courses fee of PU lowest in the world
Lahore, Sep 18: Punjab University, the oldest seat of learning, has emerged as the
leading public university having maximum number of faculties and disciplines
with lowest fee for postgraduate and under graduate courses. Vice Chancellor, PU
University, Dr.Mujahid Kamran in an interview on Tuesday, said
that a record number of new teaching departments,new programs at master's level
and disciplines at bachelor's level have been introduced. He said during current
academic session which commenced yesterday a total of 4909 students were given
admission to various BA.BSc and MA,MSc courses on merit. Regarding the non
acceptance of website down loaded admission forms by majority of the teaching
departments, he said that some important decisions will be taken well in time
during the next academic session for uniform policy in all teaching departments.
Punjab University re-structured several faculties of various teaching
departments, raised new constituent colleges, inducted teachers on merit and
colleges were affiliated. The number of students increased manifold with highest
ever strength in the country. Mujahid Kamran said that in view of high academic
performance of PU, Higher Education Commission has allocated adequate funds for
the promotion of quality education. VC claimed that despite high standard of
education PU charges lowest semester fee not only in the country but also in the
world, ranging from Rs 3,265 to 8,987 for post-graduate programmes. Total
members of the faculties and number of students in PU in all teaching
disciplines are also higher than all other universities across the country. He
said science students of PU always compete with foreign students in certain
areas of specialization.
Mujahid Kamran said that decades old syllabi and
courses were revised and updated to meet future challenges. He said not a single
student was admitted out of merit. In this context he said not a single
selection or admission has so far been challenged anywhere in the country.
"Punjab University has a unique privilege to be the only educational institution
in the country which is imparting knowledge to students in all disciplines
ranging from social science, humanities, science, computer, law and foreign
languages, including Hindi and French". F.P. Report
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Closing the book on homework?
If your child comes home night after night with a backpack full of schoolwork,
should you just accept that doing three or four hours of homework is part of
getting a good education? Not necessarily, say some educators who are rethinking
the value of one of America's educational icons.
The school board in
Piscataway, N.J., decided to cut back on the amount of homework assigned to its
7,000 students, in part because of the stress on students and their parents who
have to help their children with school assignments. The board felt that some
students were either getting too much after-school work or being graded for
homework that they tried completing but could not understand.
Americans strongly believe that more homework is better, there is little
evidence to support this. Students have interests and responsibilities that are
as important as school, such as participating in sports, scouts and other
activities, working part-time, cooking meals and watching younger
Homework also can be a problem for students who don't have
space, a computer, educational material or adults at home who can help with
their assignments. One study found that homework is very stressful for
How much is too much?
The U.S. Department of
Education (DOE) says homework helps students when the assignments are
meaningful, completed properly and returned with comments from the teacher.
Secondary students who do more homework score better on standardized tests and
earn better grades than students who do less homework.
The DOE suggests
that daily homework assignments last up to 20 minutes for grades kindergarten to
three, 20 to 40 minutes for grades four to six; up to two hours for students in
grades seven to nine; and up to two and a half hours for grades 10 to
However, another study found that 6- to 8-year-old children spent an
average of two hours a day on homework compared with 44 minutes in 1981. That
trend is being reversed in Piscataway where homework has been reduced by an hour
or more for students. Teachers no longer grade homework and are discouraged from
assigning homework on weekends and holidays.
One expert is against
assigning homework to elementary school students and suggests that school
districts adopt a 40-hour-a-week academic schedule for high school students. In
this new model, a typical district would hold classes for six hours then provide
computers, teacher availability and other resources for students to work
independently on projects for another two hours each week day.
fewer books home can also be a healthy change for students who are used to
lugging books, athletic equipment and other items in their backpacks. Children
who carry backpacks the wrong way can develop chronic back and neck problems
later in life. Your child's backpack should weigh no more than 5 percent to 10
percent of body weight. Recently, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
warned about the health risks caused by heavy backpacks and reported finding a
10-year-old girl who was carrying a 47-pound backpack.
What can parents
If you believe your school needs to limit homework, talk to your
child's teachers and other parents and address the school superintendent and
school board if necessary. Push for other reforms as well, such as a 40-hour
school week for older students and smaller class sizes for elementary school
The DOE suggests these ideas for helping
your child complete homework assignments:
* Provide a desk, table or
clean writing surface, and be sure there is good lighting and materials to do
* Set a regular time every day for your child to do
* Create a quiet study area without distractions (no loud
music or television).
* Monitor assignments and provide guidance. Review
the work before your child starts and again after it is finished.
Don't do the work yourself. Help your child learn how to do it.
to teachers when problems arise.
Learning Disabilities in the
School-Aged Child: Even before their babies are born, parents begin shaping
their hopes and aspirations for their children. Facing the fact that your child
may have a learning disability (LD) and might not reach his or her full
potential can be a heart-wrenching experience.
Parents might feel guilty,
assuming they have caused the problem. Other parents deny the problem exists or
might wrongly blame the teacher or school. However, a learning disorder's causes
These initial reactions are normal, and often the first step
in finding the best ways to help your child succeed.
According to the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD),
between 10 percent and 15 percent of the overall U.S. population has some form
of LD. LDs affect about 5 percent of all children enrolled in public schools,
according to the U.S. Department of Education.
LD is a
broad term applied to children who have a wide range of characteristics,
including problems with reading, spoken and written language, difficulty with
arithmetic, reasoning or organizational skills. Other traits include
unpredictable or uneven test performance, perceptual impairments, motor problems
and behaviors such as impulsiveness, poor attention span and difficulty in
Causes of LD
Researchers remain uncertain of
what causes LDs. One leading theory is that LDs result from subtle disturbances
in the brain structure and function. The brain somehow short-circuits so that
information cannot flow in a normal pattern.
Other evidence suggests LDs
may have a hereditary pattern. Some research shows a correlation between parents
with LDs and children with similar problems. However, many families of learning
disabled children have no history of learning problems.
factors may play a role. Maternal drug and alcohol use during pregnancy can
contribute to the disorders. Also, lead poisoning, poor nutrition and low birth
weight may play a part.
Although much information is needed to determine
the exact causes of LDs, what is known is that affected children are
intelligent, may perform well in music, sports and the arts, and they may
possess strong leadership skills. Early intervention is key to helping your
child successfully meet the challenges that lie ahead in school.
characteristics associated with LD
Parents are a child's first and best
teachers, and they are often the ones to identify the early signs of LDs.
Although there is no typical profile of an affected child, some common
* Speaks later than
* Has problems with pronunciation when he or she does
begin to speak
* Develops a vocabulary very slowly; may have trouble
finding the correct word
* Shows difficulty learning the alphabet,
counting, recognizing colors, naming the days of the week
becomes distracted, is very restless, has trouble following directions
Slow to develop fine motor skills
Kindergarten to fourth grade
Has difficulty learning the connection between letters and sounds
Often confuses basic words
* Makes consistent spelling and reading
errors, reverses, inverts or transposes letters often
number sequences and confuses math signs
* Has trouble remembering facts
and learning new skills
* Shows difficulty holding or gripping a
pencil. The News
"i totally agree with this i mean i get 2hrs of maths work which for the sir is never enough who always forces all to drop maths or tells him he is sure we will all fail later an hour of homework for the rest of the three subject that makes 5hrs later comes the learning of the lessons of about 1.5 to 2 hour that makes 6hrs of work in home out of 24hours 6hrs gone here 7 in college 9 in sleep 1 in eating or waking up from sleep and adjusting to study that makes 23hrs later the other house activites still remain taking bath going out to get stuff for cooking or something else no time to relax in the tight time table."
City, Country: Lahore, Pakistan
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